As a rabbit owner, I know bunny care can be a fulfilling yet daunting experience. Unfortunately, many get a rabbit without understanding the responsibility of owning one.

To have a healthy pet rabbit, you must provide a safe environment, pay attention to your rabbit's diet, provide mental stimulation, and learn about their specific needs and behaviors. This includes selecting the right breed, creating a suitable living space, providing a balanced diet, and ensuring proper hygiene and grooming.

You can enjoy a long and happy relationship together by learning how to take care of a bunny. Read on to learn everything you need for your new pets.

how take care of a bunny

Understanding Pet Rabbits

In my opinion, one of the most important things you can do is understand the nature of rabbits. Rabbits are prey animals, which means they are naturally cautious and easily frightened. They have evolved to be alert and always on the lookout for potential danger.

As a result, they can be easily stressed by changes in their environment or routine or act frightened when you approach. It's important to provide them with a safe and secure living space where they can feel comfortable and relaxed.

There are many different breeds of domestic rabbits, each with their own unique characteristics. Some breeds are better suited to living indoors as house rabbits, while others are more suited to outdoor living.

It's important to research different breeds and choose one that fits your lifestyle and living situation. For example, some breeds are more active and require more space to run and play, while others are more docile and prefer a quieter, more relaxed environment.

Another thing to keep in mind is that pet rabbits are social animals and thrive on companionship. They enjoy spending time with other rabbits and can also form close bonds with their human caregivers. If you're considering getting a pet rabbit, providing them with a companion is important. This can be another rabbit (preferably) or even a cat or dog that is gentle and well-behaved around rabbits.

bunny rabbit, rabbits on carpet

Selecting The Right Rabbit

When it comes to selecting the right rabbit, there are a few things to keep in mind. You want to choose a rabbit that is healthy, the right breed for your lifestyle, and that you will be able to take care of properly. Here are some tips to help you make the right choice.

Choosing The Right Rabbit Breed

Knowing what breed you want is important before you start looking for a rabbit. There are many different breeds of rabbits, and each has its own unique characteristics.

Some breeds are better suited for families with children, while others are better for single people or couples. Some breeds have long hair, while others have short hair. It's important to choose a breed that fits your lifestyle and personality.

I would suggest a large rabbit for families with children. This can be a flemish giant, continental giant, chinchilla giganta, or any other large rabbit breed you can find. My reasoning behind this is that kids can't easily pick up these large bunnies, which means they are less likely to get hurt.

They are also large enough to be easily spotted and won't accidentally be sat on or squished. Giant breeds also have very gentle and calm temperaments, making them perfect for a house full of chaotic kids.

On the other hand, small rabbits like Netherland dwarf rabbits, Polish rabbits, and Dwarf Hotots are perfect for single people living in an apartment. These rabbits don't need that much space due to their size, but do make sure you bunny-proof everything before letting them loose in your apartment.

If you have a lot of time to spend with your pets, then long-haired rabbits like Angoras or Jersey Wooly's might be perfect for you. These bunnies need a lot of grooming due to their long fur coats, making them perfect for someone who can spend hours looking after their fluffy friends.

bunnies for seniors

Adopting From Breeders

Adopting from a breeder is often the better option. Breeders know the breed and can help you choose the right rabbit for your lifestyle. They also take care to ensure that their rabbits are healthy and well-socialized.

It's important to do your research and find a reputable breeder. Look for a breeder who is a member of a rabbit breed club or association, shows with rabbits, and has a good reputation in the community.

One of the benefits of adopting from a breeder is that you can often choose the sex of your rabbit. Male rabbits are generally more laid-back and affectionate, while female rabbits are more independent and outgoing. However, it's important to spay or neuter your rabbit, regardless of its sex, to prevent health issues and unwanted litters.

Adopting From Rescues

Adopting a rabbit from a rescue can be a rewarding experience for both you and your new furry friend. Not only are you providing a loving home for a rabbit in need, but you are also helping to free up space at the rescue for more rabbits to be saved.

When adopting from a rescue, you can expect to receive valuable information about the rabbit's history, personality, and specific needs. This can help you choose the right rabbit for your lifestyle and ensure you are prepared to care for them.

Additionally, most rescue rabbits have already been spayed or neutered, which can save you time and money. The rescue may also provide initial veterinary care, such as vaccinations and deworming, and may offer advice on ongoing care.

It's important to note that adopting a rabbit from a rescue is a commitment, and you should be prepared to provide a loving and stable home for the duration of their life, which can be up to 10 years or more. However, the love and joy that a rescue rabbit can bring into your life is immeasurable.

Buying From Pet Stores

This should be your absolute last resort. While buying from a pet store may seem like the easier option, there are some problems associated with it.

Most pet stores get their rabbits from breeding mills, which are often overcrowded and unsanitary. This can lead to health issues in the rabbits, which can be expensive to treat.

Pet shops also often sell rabbits way too young. Bunnies should only be separated from their mothers at eight weeks old.

If you decide to buy from a pet store, ask the staff about the rabbit's health history, age, and where it came from. Look for a rabbit that is active, alert, and has a shiny coat. Avoid rabbits that have discharge from their eyes or nose, sneeze, or are lethargic.

How To Take Care Of A Bunny

Bunny safe environment

Creating A Safe Environment

As a responsible bunny owner, creating a safe and comfortable environment for your furry friend is important. Here are some tips on how to set up your rabbit's enclosure and bunny-proof your living space.

Setting Up Rabbit Cages

Choosing the right rabbit cage or enclosure is crucial for your rabbit's well-being. The enclosure should be large enough for your rabbit to hop around and stand up on its hind legs without its ears touching the roof. A good rule of thumb is that the bunny should be able to hop three times in one direction without hitting the other wall of the enclosure.

A wire cage with a solid bottom is a good option as it provides good ventilation and is easy to clean. Make sure to line the bottom of the cage with soft bedding material such as grass hay, or straw to keep your bunny comfortable.

For an outdoor playpen or large outdoor rabbits enclosure, make sure to cover the bottom with wire or place the cage on a cement floor. The wire will stop the bunny from digging out but it should have large enough holes for your bunny to graze through. Also make sure the wire is flat on the ground to prevent it from hurting your rabbit's feet and hocks.

For large indoor enclosures, you can cover the floor with linoleum flooring or rubber chair mats to protect the floor. Make sure the ground cover sticks out about 15 cm (6 inches) on the outside of the cage since bunnies like to wee in corners.

Also, make sure there's ample space for your bunny to hide. Bunnies with a comfortable escape tend to be more relaxed and outgoing.

Bunny Proofing Your Home

Rabbits love to chew on things, and it's important to make sure your living space is safe for your bunny. Bunny-proof your home by keeping electrical cords and wires out of reach and covering them with cord protectors. Move house plants out of reach, as some plants can be toxic to rabbits. Use cardboard boxes and wooden chew toys to provide mental stimulation and prevent your bunny from chewing on furniture or other household items.

It's also important to rabbit-proof your home by blocking off areas where your bunny could get stuck or injured. Use baby gates or other barriers to keep your bunny in a safe area away from electrical cords, stairs, unsupervised toddlers, or other unfriendly pets.

Overall, creating a safe and comfortable environment for your bunny is essential for its health and happiness. With a little effort and attention to detail, you can ensure that your bunny has a happy and healthy life.

Rabbit on a coach

Feeding Your Rabbit

As a responsible rabbit owner, I understand that feeding my rabbit a healthy diet is crucial for its overall health and well-being. In this section, I will discuss the key components of a healthy rabbit's diet, including the importance of grass hay, fresh greens and vegetables, and fresh water.

Understanding A Healthy Rabbit's Diet

Grass hay, fresh greens and vegetables, and fortified pellets in the right amounts are very important for a healthy bunny. As rabbits have sensitive digestive tracts, avoiding harmful foods, such as chocolate, avocado, and sugary treats, is important.

Monitoring your rabbit's body weight and adjusting its diet is also important. Overfeeding can lead to obesity, while underfeeding can result in malnutrition. Keep in mind that young rabbits and adult rabbits have different diets. Young rabbits need a lot of protein to grow, which means they thrive on alfalfa hay, while adult rabbits should only get a handful of this very calcium-rich hay once a week at most.

Young rabbits should not be introduced to green foods, such as broccoli, fruits, and other rich treats, until they are at least three to six months old to avoid digestive upsets.

Provide Unlimited Fresh Hay

Grass hay, such as timothy hay, erogrostis, and oat hay, should make up the majority of an adult rabbit's diet. Hay keeps a rabbit's teeth from becoming overgrown and provides essential fiber for a healthy digestive system.

Young rabbits can have a combination of grass hay and legume hay, such as alfalfa to keep them growing properly. Make sure to give your rabbit access to fresh hay daily, and remove any old or soiled hay from your rabbit's living area.

Rabbits eat almost consistently, so make sure they have enough hay to nibble on to keep their body weight up and teeth healthy.

Offer Fresh Water and Vegetables

Fresh water should always be available to your rabbit. Make sure to change your rabbit's water daily and provide it in a clean, spill-proof container.

In addition to eating hay, rabbits should be offered fresh green foods and vegetables daily. Some good options include carrot tops, kale, spinach, wheatgrass, and romaine lettuce.

Remember to introduce new foods slowly and monitor your rabbit's reaction. If your rabbit experiences diarrhea or other digestive issues, remove the new food from its diet.

A diet is essential for your rabbit's health and well-being. By providing fresh hay, fresh greens and vegetables, and fresh water, you can ensure your rabbit gets the nutrients it needs to thrive.

rabbit, rabbits healthy eating greens

Rabbit Health And Hygiene

One of the most important things you can do is monitor your rabbit's body weight and overall health. Here are a few things to check.

Monitoring Weight and Health

Regularly weighing your bunny and keeping track of any changes in weight can help detect health issues early on. If you notice any significant changes in your rabbit's weight, it is important to consult with a veterinarian.

In addition to weight monitoring, keeping an eye on your rabbit's overall health is important. Signs of a healthy rabbit include a shiny coat, bright eyes, and a clean nose. However, if you notice any changes in your rabbit's behavior, such as lethargy or loss of appetite, it is important to seek veterinary care.

Caring For A Rabbit's Feet and Nails

Rabbits' feet and hocks are particularly sensitive, and keeping them clean and dry is important to prevent infections. Trimming a rabbit's nails prevents overgrowth, which can lead to injuries, discomfort, and even health problems. If you are unsure how to trim your bunny's nails, consult with a veterinarian or a professional groomer.

I recommend swaddling your rabbit in a towel or blanket when it's time for nail trimming. Have someone hold your pet while you trim your rabbit's nails by exposing one paw at a time. Make sure to give your bunny lots of treats and green foods after to show them nail clipping leads to good things.

Understanding A Rabbit's Digestive System

Rabbits have sensitive digestive systems, and problems with their gut can lead to serious health problems and even death. A healthy rabbit diet should consist of hay, fresh vegetables, and a small amount of pellets to keep the gut going. It is important to avoid feeding rabbits foods that are high in sugar or fat, as this can lead to digestive issues.

If you feed your rabbit and notice a change in behavior, such as refusing the food, not eating at all, and not pooping, see a vet immediately!

Sterilization: Yes Or No?

Spaying and neutering for female and male rabbits can prevent unwanted litters and also provide health benefits. Female rabbits are at risk for developing uterine cancer, which can be prevented by spaying. Neutering male rabbits can reduce aggressive behavior, territorial marking, and prevent testicular cancer. It is important to discuss the benefits and risks of sterilization with a veterinarian before making a decision.

In addition to the above, it is also important to provide dental care and encourage proper chewing to prevent dental problems. Regular veterinary check-ups are also crucial to maintain your bunny's health.

you rabbits on the grass

Behavior And Boredom

Rabbits are not just cute and fluffy; they are intelligent and social creatures that thrive on interaction. Understanding their behavior and providing the right toys and activities are essential aspects of responsible rabbit ownership.

Provide Toys And Entertainment

  1. Cardboard Boxes: Believe it or not, a simple cardboard box can be a source of endless entertainment for your bunny. Rabbits tend to love exploring confined spaces, and a cardboard box castle will lead to endless entertainment. Cut some holes in the box for entry and exit points, and your rabbit will enjoy hours of hopping in and out.

  2. Chew Toys: Rabbits have continuously growing teeth and need to chew to keep them healthy. Wooden chew toys are perfect for this purpose. Make sure the toys are made from rabbit-safe, untreated wood. Your indoor pets will happily gnaw on them while keeping their dental health in check.

  3. Toilet Paper Rolls: Don't throw away those empty toilet paper rolls! House rabbits enjoy rolling them around and chewing on them. You can also stuff some hay inside to create a foraging challenge, providing both mental and physical stimulation. Don't worry if your rabbit ingests the cardboard, it is completely safe.

Understanding Rabbit Behavior

Rabbits, as prey animals, have unique behavior patterns. Understanding these patterns is crucial for their well-being and your sanity.

  1. Social Interaction: Rabbits need social interaction and often form strong bonds with their human companions. Spend quality time with your bunny daily, but allow them to run away from you without chasing or dragging them out of their hides. Petting, grooming, and talking to them can strengthen your bond and keep them emotionally healthy, but acting like a predator will only frighten them away.

  2. Recognizing Aggressive Behavior: Aggression in rabbits can be a sign of stress or discomfort. If your rabbit displays behaviors like biting, growling, or thumping its hind legs, it's essential to investigate the underlying cause. It could be due to fear, illness, or territorial issues. Consult with a rabbit-savvy veterinarian or an animal behaviorist to address the problem and create a harmonious environment for your pet.

  3. Provide Boredom Busters: To prevent boredom and encourage mental agility, engage your rabbit with puzzle and treat-dispensing toys. These toys entertain and stimulate their minds as they figure out how to access the hidden treats. You can also hide treats in your rabbit's hay to encourage natural foraging behavior.

white rabbit in the snow

Training Your Rabbit

Rabbit training is not only possible but highly beneficial for both you and your furry friend. This training encompasses various aspects, including litter training and safe handling.

Litter Training

The Importance of a Litter Box:

Litter box training is a significant step in allowing your rabbit to live harmoniously indoors. Most rabbits can be litter box trained quite effectively. The House Rabbit Society recommends using a large, shallow litter box or a specialized litter pan designed for rabbits.

In my experience, a deep, extra-large cat litter box works best. Rabbits like to dig, and having high sides contains the mess somewhat. I've also found that the specialized litter boxes are often too small for large breeds.

Litter Box Training Tips:

- Placement: Place the litter box in a quiet, easily accessible location. Rabbits tend to choose corners for their business, so keep this in mind.

- Litter Material: Use a rabbit-safe litter material, such as paper-based or compressed sawdust pellets. Avoid clumping cat litters, which can be harmful if ingested.

- Consistency: Rabbits thrive on routine. Encourage them to use the litter box after meals and upon waking up, as they are more likely to go at these times.

- Positive Reinforcement: Praise and offer a small treat when your rabbit uses the litter box correctly. Positive reinforcement helps reinforce good behavior.

Keeping the Litter Box Clean:

Regularly clean the litter box to maintain a hygienic living environment for your rabbit. Most rabbits are meticulous about cleanliness, and a dirty litter box can discourage them from using it.

Remove soiled bedding daily and replace it entirely every few days. Wash the litter box with mild soap and water during bedding changes to eliminate odors.

Handling Your Rabbit Safely

1. Understanding Rabbit Behavior: Understanding rabbit behavior is crucial for safe handling. Many rabbits are naturally skittish and may become stressed if not handled gently. Approach your rabbit calmly and speak softly to avoid startling them. Let them come to you.

2. Proper Techniques: To pick up your rabbit safely, place one hand under its chest, supporting its front legs, and the other hand under its hindquarters. Lift gently, keeping their body close to your chest for security. NEVER pick a rabbit up by it's ears or the scruff of it's neck.

3. Respect Boundaries: Always respect your rabbit's boundaries. Give them space if they show signs of distress or discomfort, such as growling or thumping their hind legs. Rabbits are individuals, and their comfort levels with handling can vary.

proper rabbit handling

Common Misconceptions About Owning a Pet Rabbit

Owning a pet rabbit can be a rewarding experience, but it's essential to dispel some common misconceptions to ensure the health and happiness of your furry friend. Here are a few misunderstandings about rabbit care that need clarification:

1. Rabbits Are Like Guinea Pigs:

- The Misconception: Some people assume that rabbits and guinea pigs are similar in terms of care. While they share some dietary and environmental requirements, it's important to keep in mind that keeping a guinea pig is not the same as keeping a rabbit.

- The Reality: Rabbits and guinea pigs belong to different species with unique behaviors and dietary preferences. Guinea pigs are herbivores, like rabbits, but their nutritional requirements differ. It's crucial to research each species separately to provide proper care.

2. Rabbit Teeth Don't Require Attention:

- The Misconception: Many believe that a pet bunny's teeth will naturally stay healthy, so there's no need for dental care.

- The Reality: A bunny's teeth grow continuously, and dental problems are common. To prevent issues like overgrown teeth, provide a diet rich in hay, which promotes natural tooth wear. Regular veterinary check-ups are essential for detecting and addressing dental problems.

3. Rabbits Thrive in Extreme Temperatures:

- The Misconception: Some think rabbits can withstand extreme cold or heat because they have fur.

- The Reality: Rabbits are sensitive to temperature extremes. They can suffer from heatstroke in hot weather and hypothermia in the cold. It is, however, true that rabbits do a lot better in the cold than in the heat of summer. If allowed to grow thick fur coats, they are okay in temperatures as low as minus six (21.2ºF) as long as they have a dry, draft-free shelter with lots of bedding to nest in.

4. Rabbits Prefer Collard Greens Over Hay:

- The Misconception: Some believe that collard greens or other leafy greens should be the primary diet for rabbits.

- The Reality: While leafy greens are a valuable part of a rabbit's diet, they should not replace hay. Hay is essential for proper digestion and maintaining healthy teeth. Leafy greens should be provided in moderation as a supplement.

5. Limited Access to Rabbit's Cage/Enclosure:

- The Misconception: People often restrict a rabbit's access to their cage or enclosure, thinking they need less space.

- The Reality: Rabbits are active animals that need ample space to hop and explore. The cage should be a safe resting place, but bunnies need regular access to a larger area for exercise.

Safe rabbit enclosure


In summary, caring for a pet bunny requires attention to its specific needs, from a well-balanced diet rich in hay to providing boredom relief through toys and activities. Recognizing and addressing aggressive behavior and ensuring proper handling are essential aspects of responsible rabbit ownership.

As prospective rabbit owners, it's crucial to do thorough research, consult experts, and be prepared for the commitment of caring for these delightful yet unique animals. Responsible rabbit ownership not only ensures the health and happiness of your furry friend but also enriches your life with the joys of companionship from these charming and sensitive creatures.

So, embark on this journey with care, dedication, and the knowledge that your pet bunny will reward you with boundless affection and warmth.

Key Takeaways

Frequently Asked Questions

Lop rabbit breed

What are some common rabbit breeds?

There are numerous rabbit breeds, each with its unique characteristics. Some common breeds include the Holland Lop, Netherland Dwarf, Mini Rex, Lionhead, Flemish Giant, and Dutch Rabbit. Researching different breeds can help you find one that suits your preferences and living situation.

How can I take care of a rabbit in an apartment?

Caring for a rabbit in an apartment requires providing them with a clean and secure living space, such as a large indoor cage or pen. Ensure they have plenty of room to hop around, offer a litter box for easy waste management, and rabbit-proof your apartment by protecting wires and removing hazards. Regular interaction, a balanced diet, and toys are also essential for apartment-dwelling rabbits.

What are the daily care requirements for rabbits?

Daily rabbit care involves providing fresh hay and water, monitoring their health and behavior, cleaning their living area, and offering a variety of fresh vegetables. Social interaction, exercise, and mental stimulation are also crucial. Additionally, grooming may be needed, depending on the rabbit's coat type.

How can I care for a rabbit outdoors?

Outdoor rabbit care requires a secure hutch or enclosure to protect them from predators and extreme temperatures. Ensure they have a sheltered, draft-free area, fresh water, and access to shade during hot weather. Regularly clean their living space and provide social interaction and mental stimulation.

What do rabbits need in their cage?

In a rabbit's cage or enclosure, they need essentials like fresh hay, a clean water source, a litter box, and a comfortable place to rest. Chew toys and items that challenge their mental capacity are also essential to prevent boredom and dental problems. Ensure the cage is spacious enough for the rabbit to move around and stretch out comfortably.

Do rabbits like to be cuddled?

Not all rabbits enjoy being cuddled or held. Rabbits are prey animals, and their comfort with handling varies from one individual to another. Some rabbits may tolerate cuddling, while others prefer minimal handling. It's essential to respect your rabbit's preferences and build trust through gentle interactions, allowing them to come to you on their terms.


So you're interested in owning a pet rabbit but not sure how much it will cost. Have you considered the cost of food, housing, hay, and even medical care if something happens? 

If you've considered the living and maintenance costs, the only thing bothering you is the initial purchase! How much does a pet rabbit cost? 

Rabbits cost $20-$50 on average. This is the price a pet store will offer. Alternatively, you can adopt one from animal rescue shelters for a lower price, around $5-$25. 

Expect to pay more if you plan on getting specific breeds of pet rabbits from a breeder. Common pet rabbit breeds can cost $50 or less. However, rare breeds usually cost more, about $100 or more.

Now you know the price of a rabbit. But it doesn't end here, as there's much to owning a rabbit. Your new bunnies will need supplies! 

This article helps you estimate how much a rabbit costs initially and in the long-term bunny care

white rabbit in the snow, rabbit cost

How Much Do Bunnies Cost for Everything?

Upfront Costs:

Before bringing your new rabbit home, you must get a few necessary things. 

Moreover, these items all add to the cost of owning a bunny. See some rabbit core supplies below:

Rabbit Hutch or Cage

Your new rabbit will need a hutch or cage, whether it will be living indoors or outdoors. Moreover, getting an indoor rabbit hutch is more expensive than an outdoor hutch. 

Indoor hutches cost around $50-$400, depending on the quality. Rabbit cages are less expensive items than hutches. Expect to spend about $50-$100 on a rabbit cage, depending on the quality.

Moreover, you’ll need to get a cage with enough space and good flooring. Abnormal flooring like metal grate or wire flooring can cause health problems like sore hocks for your bunny. 


rabbit eating flower outside

Food Bowls

Rabbit feeding bowls are very important items that you need to make available beforehand. Your rabbit will need a separate bow for food and one for water. 

Price varies and depends on the quality of food or water bowl that you want to get for your pet. It starts as low as $10.

Nail Clippers

Trimming your rabbit nails is an essential part of rabbit care. Hence, you need to have a pair of rabbit nail clippers available that can always come in handy whenever you need to keep your bunny’s nails short. 

It normally costs as low as $5-$50 to get a pair of animal nail clippers (suitable for rabbits).


Litter Box

If you plan to litter-train your new bunny, then a litter box needs to be available. Litter-training your pet helps reduce how your pet scatters its poop and urine. 

See our complete step-by-step guide to potty training rabbits! A litter box won’t cost you much – about $5-$10 will do!

rabbit, litter, basket


Every day, your bunny will need time outside its cage or enclosure. And this is when playpens come in handy. 

Additionally, rabbits need plenty of exercise, so you'll need to provide them with a safe place to run and play. So, playpens are also great rabbit-proofing structures. 

Hence, they are items you might want to get before bringing your new bunny home. Playpens can cost $70 or more.


To have a healthy and happy bunny, keep boredom far away from your pet! Your rabbit should have interactive and fun experiences. And a great way to do this is with toys. 

It could be chewing toys, hanging toys, puzzle toys, or digging toys. Whichever rabbit toy, you will need to get a variety of toys for your new bunny. These can cost you from $20.

Ongoing Costs:

Rabbits live for about 5-10 years on average. And this means you will have to spend on them for a while. Some particular breeds might need more ongoing supplies and care than other rabbits. 

So the monthly cost of having a bunny differs. Generally, here are the things every rabbit owner will be spending on monthly:


A rabbit’s diet mostly consists of hay. And your bunny needs a steady supply of fresh hay every day. 

Mixed-grass hay is just recommended for bunnies. This could be a mixture of timothy hay, orchard grass hay, oat, and meadow hay. 

Getting hay, especially from pet stores, will cost you around $20. However, a cheaper alternative is to get hay for your bunny from local farmers.

hay, straw bales, hay bales

Vegetables and Herbs

Fresh vegetables, especially leafy greens, and herbs, are important additions to your rabbit diet after hay. Rabbits not only love eating leafy greens but also benefit a lot from them. 

This means your rabbit will need it often. What’s more, you can get them from a pet store that deals with rabbit supplies or those of other small animals. 

However, if you grow some of these veggies in your garden, it’s the best and equally saves you money.

Rabbit Pellets

No doubt, a rabbit can have a diet free of pellets. 

Pellets are less important parts of a rabbit's diet but still, help balance the nutrition your rabbit gets. It will cost you around $5 a month.

Litter (Not Litter Box)

Remember, we discussed litter boxes as part of the upfront costs of rabbit care. A litter is different, and you need to change it frequently. 

This litter is the absorbent material placed inside a litter box. Expect to spend as little as $20 on every litter change.

Cleaning Supplies

Hygiene is important in rabbit care. So expect to do some regular cleaning. What’s more, you can’t just use any cleaning materials to tidy up your rabbit's cage or feeding bowls, litter box, etc. 

It’s important that you use pet-safe cleaning materials! They can cost as little as $2 monthly.

bucket, cleaning, supplies

Other Expenses:

Spay and Neuter Surgeries

Your new pet bunny will need to be spayed or neutered, especially if you get it from a breeder. 

A spay or neuter surgery is incredibly important for your rabbit’s health. And it's mostly important for female rabbits. This surgery reduces behavioral issues bunnies have.

They'll be less aggressive and won't mess the whole house with their urine often. Sadly, spay and neuter surgeries can cost you a lot of money, around $300-$600. However, it's worth it!

In addition to this, spaying surgeries for female rabbits are more expensive than neutering surgeries for males. This is because spaying females is more complicated.

What's more, you'll benefit more if you get your rabbit from a rescue center. These spay and neuter their rabbits before allowing any adoptions.

expect to spend on vet bills

Pet Insurance

When you get a new rabbit, pet insurance can lessen your worries during times of emergencies such as accidents and illnesses. 

Pet insurance equally helps you save money by slashing vet bills. It can cost about $25 a month for basic coverage. 

Rabbit Proofing Materials

It’s your duty to safeguard your home from your rabbit and your rabbit from your home. Rabbits love to chew stuff and might end up destroying your valuable properties.

Moreover, they can end up chewing on harmful materials that can hurt them. Hence, if you plan to leave your rabbit to roam free around your house too often, then you need to bunny-proof your home. 

It will cost you. These can be an upfront purchase, but you might need to replace them over time. See some bunny-proofing materials and their cost below:

Is Having a Bunny Expensive? 

There's no denying that pet rabbits can be expensive. These cute creatures require a lot of care and attention. 

Additionally, their diet must be carefully monitored to ensure they're getting all the nutrients they need. 

Furthermore, you should know that you will spend less to own a pet rabbit compared to other common pet animals like dogs or cats. But this doesn’t mean a bunny is a very cheap choice. 

Nevertheless, you can keep the cost of owning a bunny down. See some tips below:

1. Buy in bulk. Purchasing hay, pellets, and other bunny food in bulk can save you money in the long run.

2. Make your rabbit toys and accessories. With a little creativity, you can make many of the toys and accessories your bunny needs at home.

3. Shop around for veterinary care. Not all veterinarians charge the same fees for care, so it's important to shop around to find one that fits your budget.

Related Questions:

money for pet rabbit cost

Why are Rabbits So Expensive?

The cost of a pet bunny varies depending on the type of rabbit, where you purchase it, and whether or not you have it spayed or neutered. 

However, there are some breeds of rabbits that are more expensive than others. For example, fancy or show rabbits can cost hundreds of dollars.

Are Rabbits More Expensive Than Dogs? 

This depends on a few factors, including the type of rabbit you choose and the level of care it requires. Generally, rabbits are less expensive than dogs. 

Rabbits also have different care needs than dogs. For example, adoption fees at animal shelters are typically lower for rabbits than for dogs. You'll also need to purchase less food and supplies for a rabbit than for a dog. 

How Much is a House Rabbit in the UK?

A house rabbit in the UK can cost anywhere from £45 to over £100, depending on the type of rabbit and where you get it from. 

Rabbits are relatively low-maintenance pets, but they still require some care and attention. In addition, owning a rabbit in the UK can cost you up to £1000 yearly. 


To sum up, pet rabbits can be a great addition to any family, but it's important to know how much they will cost you before you make the commitment.

Remember that a pet rabbit costs more if it's a rare breed and needs special care. Moreover, where you buy a bunny from equally how much you'll be getting it.

The initial purchase price is only a small part of the equation – you'll also need to factor in the cost of food, bedding, toys, and veterinary care. All of these are important if you want a happy and healthy bunny.

With all of these costs considered, a pet bunny can still be an affordable option for many families.

As a rabbit owner, it's essential to know what foods are safe and healthy for your furry friend. One question that often comes up is whether rabbits can eat spinach. The short answer is yes, but there are some things to keep in mind.

Rabbits can eat spinach, but only in moderation. Spinach is a healthy leafy green snack rich in vitamins and minerals but also contains high levels of calcium and oxalates that can bind to form bladder stones. To prevent problems, feed spinach with other greens, vegetables, hay, or pellets.

In this blog, I'll discuss what happens if rabbits eat spinach, how to feed it safely, and a few alternatives you can consider adding to your bunny's diet. Keep reading if you want to keep your bunny healthy and happy.

uncooked spinach in a cup

Can Rabbits Eat Spinach?

Knowing what your furry friend can safely eat is very important as a rabbit owner. This brings me back to your question: Can rabbits eat spinach? The answer is yes but with some caveats.

Spinach contains high levels of oxalates that bind to iron or calcium and cause health problems such as bladder stones and iron deficiency in bunnies. Therefore, limiting the amount of spinach (and other high oxalate greens) your rabbit eats is important.

Types Of Spinach

There are three main types of spinach: flat-leaved spinach (this includes baby spinach), semi-savoy spinach, and savoy spinach. Each spinach type has its own unique flavor, texture, and nutritional profile. Here are some of the most common types of spinach that you can consider feeding to your rabbit:

Flat-Leafed Spinach

Flat-leaved spinach, also called smooth-leafed spinach, is most commonly used for creating canned spinach and also frozen spinach.

Baby Spinach

Baby spinach is an immature version of flat-leafed spinach with soft, small flat leaves and a mild, sweet flavor. It's also known as baby flat-leaf spinach and is an excellent choice for rabbits.

Baby spinach contains vitamins A, K, and C, calcium, and iron. It's easy to digest and is supposed to be lower in oxalic acid, which can interfere with calcium and iron absorption.

Semi-Savoy Spinach

This spinach has slightly crinkled leaves and a slightly stronger flavor than flat-leafed spinach. It is a hybrid between savoy and flat-leaved spinach.

Savoy Spinach

Savoy, also known as curly-leafed spinach, is the most common type sold in supermarkets. It's most often eaten raw and used in salads. This will be the one you'll most likely have on hand most of the time.

Unfortunately, this type of spinach also contains the highest amount of oxalates. This means that you should take more care when feeding it to your rabbits.

rabbits spinach leaves

Can Rabbits Eat Water Spinach

This "type" of spinach is not actually spinach at all, despite the name. Water spinach, also known as Chinese spinach, river spinach, and Chinese watercress, is often used in Asian cuisine and is related to a plant botanically called Ipomoea aquatica.

Water spinach is an excellent fresh forage to offer your rabbit instead of regular spinach, botanically referred to as Spinacia oleracea. Take note that you need to ensure that they eat the whole thing, stems and all, and don't just pick at the leaf tips.

If they only eat the leafy tips, they will not benefit from the full nutritional value of Chinese spinach and may end up consuming too much protein and too little fiber.

Can Rabbits Eat Tree Spinach

This is another plant commonly referred to as spinach that is only distantly related to regular spinach plants. Tree spinach, also known as chaya or Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, is actually an excellent spinach alternative.

This plant is an excellent source of fiber since it contains less water than regular spinach. This makes it an excellent, non-toxic snack for bunnies.

Can Rabbits Eat Spinach Leaves, Roots, Stalks and Stems?

Spinach leaves, stalks, stems, and flowers are all safe for rabbits to eat. Let's take a more in-depth look.

Spinach Leaves And Flowers

Spinach leaves, and flowers are great sources of vitamins and minerals, including vitamins A and K, magnesium, and iron. They also contain fiber, essential for a rabbit's digestive system.

Keep in mind that these leaves also contain oxalic acid, that can bind to calcium in the body and cause bladder stones if fed excessively over time. Therefore, it's best to feed the leaves in small portions, two times per week, along with other leafy greens.

Bunnies eat spinach flowers just as eagerly as any other part of the plant. These flowers are fortunately safe for them to eat, but they must also be fed in moderation.

Spinach Stems And Stalks

Spinach stems and stalks are safe for rabbits. They are high in fiber but are less nutritious than the leaves and low in vitamins and minerals. It is, however, better to feed your rabbit stems and stalks instead of leaves and flowers due to the difference in fiber content. Bunnies need a lot of fiber to stay healthy.

Spinach Roots

Spinach roots are not recommended for rabbits to eat. They are tough and difficult to digest and do not provide nutritional value for bunnies.

eating spinach in juice form

Alternative Leafy Greens

If you are concerned about feeding your rabbit spinach, you can offer many other vegetables and leafy greens as an alternative. Some good options include:

Remember to always introduce new foods to your rabbit slowly and in small amounts to avoid digestive upset. And always wash any vegetables and greens before feeding them to your pet rabbit to get rid of any pesticides that might harm your bunny.

Feeding Guidelines For Spinach

It's very important to introduce spinach to your rabbit correctly to avoid digestive problems. While spinach is considered a nutritious plant, it's not necessarily good for your bunny in large quantities.

If you want to include a small amount of spinach in your rabbit's diet, follow these feeding guidelines to introduce it safely.

How Much Spinach Is Safe For Rabbits?

The first thing you should consider is getting organic, pesticide-free spinach for your bunnies. Pesticides are extremely harmful to bunnies.

Secondly, don't feed more than a cup of spinach per week for big bunnies and half a cup for small rabbits like Netherland dwarfs. This serving should be divided into two or three portions, fed two to three days apart.

Moderate amounts of spinach can be beneficial for rabbits, as it is high in fiber and low in sugar. Fiber is essential for maintaining a healthy digestive system and can help control rabbit body weight to prevent obesity.

cooked spinach in a pan

Preparation Of Spinach For Rabbits'

Spinach is a nutritious leafy green vegetable that can be safely consumed by rabbits. However, it is important to prepare it properly to ensure it is safe for your furry friend to eat. Here is a step-by-step guide to preparing fresh spinach for rabbits:

  1. Choose crisp leaves: Raw spinach is a great option for rabbits because it is packed with nutrients and is easy to prepare. Make sure only to choose fresh, crisp leaves. Avoid any leaves that look wilted.

  2. Wash the leaves: Plants of all varieties are often sprayed with pesticides. To make sure you're bunny is safe, wash the leaves thoroughly in lukewarm water. I would recommend doing this even if you bought the organic variety, just in case.

  3. Measure the portion: You don't want to feed too much spinach and harm your bunny. To avoid any health problems, make sure you feed the correct portion size. If you're unsure, just keep to one to two leaves per bunny.

  4. Cut the spinach into bite-size portions (Optional): You can either feed the leaf as a whole or cut it into smaller pieces for easier consumption. Either way, your bunnies won't mind as long as they get to eat.

Can Rabbits Eat Spinach Frozen, Canned, Or Cooked?

Rabbits should never eat frozen, canned, or cooked spinach. Bunnies cannot digest cooked food properly, and canned food usually contains a lot of preservatives and salt, including canned spinach, that can harm your furry friend.

On the other hand, frozen spinach wilts as soon as it defrosts, making it unhealthy for your bunny to consume. If you do include it in your bunny's diet, it's best to stick to raw spinach.

Introducing Spinach To Rabbits

Raw spinach is very easy to introduce to bunnies. Feed one leaf after proper preparation, and then wait 24 hours to see if your bunny reacts negatively. If your bunnies eat spinach and react negatively, even if just dropping slightly loose stool and nothing else, stop feeding spinach immediately to let your bunny recover.

Next time, feed a smaller amount of spinach to give your rabbits gut bacteria time to adapt to the new food. If after a few tries your bunny still doesn't react well, just avoid it all together.

Health Benefits And Risks

freshly washed spinach leaves

Spinach has quite a few health benefits for rabbits. It contains the following:

Risks of Spinach

While spinach has many health benefits, there are a few risks. Spinach contains a lot of oxalic acid, which can cause digestive problems and bladder stones in rabbits. It's important to consult a veterinarian if you notice abnormal behaviors or changes in your rabbit's health.

fresh harvest of spinach for rabbits

Other Foods for Rabbits

The best thing you can do as a pet owner is to provide a balanced diet that includes a variety of foods. In addition to hay and pellets, vegetables, fruits, and other greens can be great additions to your bunny’s diet. Here are some of the best foods you can feed your rabbit:

Fresh vegetables are a great source of essential vitamins and minerals for your rabbit. Some of the best vegetables to feed include:

When feeding your rabbit fresh vegetables, wash them thoroughly and remove any seeds or pits. Introducing new vegetables slowly is also important to avoid upsetting your rabbit’s digestive system.

Frozen vegetables can be a convenient and nutritious addition to your bunny’s diet. Some of the best frozen veggies to feed your rabbit include:

Only feed frozen foods as a treat on a hot day, and avoid anything too sugary.

Greens are an important part of your rabbit’s diet and should be fed daily. Some of the best leafy greens to feed your rabbit include:

rabbit, cute, animalrabbit eating flowers

Fruits can be a tasty and nutritious treat for your rabbit. Some of the best fruits are:

When feeding your rabbit fruit, be sure to remove any seeds or pips and limit the amount you give them to avoid upsetting their digestive system.

Grass hay should make up the bulk of your bunny's diet. The best types of grass hay to feed are:

This is the most rabbit-safe food you can find. Provide fresh hay daily and remove any soiled or stale hay. You can feed hay unlimited.

Rabbit pellets are a great source of nutrition for your bunny and should be fed daily. When choosing rabbit pellets, look for high-quality pellets free from additives, corn, and preservatives.

rabbit eating pellets

Can Baby Rabbits Eat Spinach?

When it comes to feeding baby rabbit-safe foods, spinach should be avoided. Baby rabbits have a delicate digestive system; spinach can cause digestive issues and kidney damage. It is important to note that baby rabbits should not be weaned until they are 4-6 weeks old. Before that time, they should only be fed their mother's milk, hay, and pellets.

Wild Rabbits

Wild rabbits can be a problem if they enter your veggie garden. They will definitely go for your spinach if they can reach it, even though it's not a part of their natural diet. If you grow vegetables in an area with wild bunnies, I recommend fencing your garden to keep them out.

Key Takeaways

Frequently Asked Questions

What greens can rabbits eat?

Rabbits can eat a variety of greens, including kale, cilantro, parsley, dandelion greens, and collard greens. They should also always have access to high-quality hay and fresh water.

What fruits can rabbits eat?

Some safe options include apples, bananas, blueberries, guava, and strawberries. However, fruits are high in sugar and should only be given as an occasional treat.

Can rabbits eat cabbage?

Rabbits can eat cabbage, but it should be fed in moderation. Too much cabbage can cause gas and bloating in rabbits.

Can rabbits eat arugula?

Yes, rabbits can eat arugula. It is a safe and healthy green that can be given in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

How is spinach safe for rabbits?

It is only safe when fed in moderation, as it contains high levels of oxalates that can lead to calcium oxalate formation and bladder sludge in rabbits. One cup of spinach once or twice a week is sufficient.

Can rabbits eat lettuce and spinach?

Yes, rabbits can eat lettuce and spinach, but they should be given in moderation. Lettuce contains little nutritional value and can cause diarrhea in large amounts, while spinach contains high levels of oxalates. It is important to offer a variety of greens to ensure a balanced diet for your rabbit.


The largest rabbit breeds in the world are certainly giants compared to the little fluffy bunnies we mostly know. 

However, these large bunnies didn't just happen naturally. Many of them originated in different parts of the world and we're made through selective breeding. 

Today, there are lots of giant breeds. And as a bunny lover, you might want to learn more about these giants. Hence, this article provides an overview of the largest rabbit breeds in the world right now. 

Keep reading below!

The Largest Rabbit Breeds in the World

English Lop

English lop

By Brent Moore

The English Lop rabbit breed is one of the largest rabbit breeds worldwide. It’s a domestic rabbit breed and was created through selective breeding back in the 19th century in England.

In addition, the English Lops is known to be the first lop rabbit breed that humans developed. And this has probably made it one of the oldest domestic breeds. The most striking feature of this rabbit is its unique long floppy ears. 

These ears drop down at an incredible length. It also weighs about 11 pounds. They’re friendly, smart, and love company, which makes them good pet rabbits, even for kids.


French Lop Rabbit

lop eared

This is another large rabbit breed, which originates from France. The French Lop came about through cross-breeding the English Lop and Butterfly rabbit in the 1800s. 

In addition, this breed weighs about 10-15 pounds. As Lop bunnies, they equally have long floppy ears. However, their aren't as long as those of the English Lop rabbits. 

Furthermore, this large breed of rabbit has a relaxed temperament and gets along easily with other pets and even kids. However, if you’re new to owning bunnies, it’s not advisable to get a French lop. These giant bunnies will be hard for you to manage as a first-timer.

Continental Giants

german giant

Otherwise known as the German Giants, Continental Giants are also large breeds of rabbits which originated in Germany. The main purpose of breeding these giants was for their meat. And this is so much expected from a rabbit that weighs from 16 to 20 pounds. 

The continental giants are descendants of the well-known Flemish Giant rabbit. They’re equally on the list of the oldest breeds of rabbits. These large bunnies also have long straight ears and not floppy ears like lopped-eared rabbits. 

Interestingly, this giant bunny is also very friendly and sociable. Over the years, they’ve been popular as pets in homes, bonding well with people, especially kids. 

Giant Chinchilla Rabbit

Giant Chinchilla Rabbit

By Øyvind Holmstad - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

Giant chinchillas are one of America’s largest rabbit breeds. Their origin dates back to 1921 in the United States when Edward H. Stahl thought of producing a unique breed of chinchilla rabbit. 

The Giant Chinchilla rabbit breed resulted from the cross breed between Flemish giant rabbits and chinchilla rabbits. These giants weigh anywhere between 12-16 pounds. Moreover, they have a lifespan of 5-8 years.

When it comes to their physical appearance, their bodies are semi-arched and they have large erect ears. They make great pets for families although they were initially for meat. 

These huge bunnies are also good options for first-time rabbit owners. They might be big but they are pretty gentle and obedient.

Giant Angora Rabbit

Giant angora rabbit

By Joey_Giant_Angora_Buck.jpg: Oldhausderivative work: Devvyn (talk) - Joey_Giant_Angora_Buck.jpg, CC BY-SA 3.0,

This is the largest of the angora rabbit breeds that are recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA). It’s the large wool-bearing rabbit in the world and one of the most expensive breeds. This rabbit can live 7-12 years.

This giant breed has its origin in the United States. An American breeder, Louise Walsh, created the Giant Angora by cross-breeding the German Angora breed with the popular Flemish giant rabbit and some other breeds. These giant bunnies weigh up to 12 pounds on average. 

You’ll also know them by their beautiful woolly coat and they also have long erect ears. Above all, Giant Angoras are the friendly and bonding kind of rabbits. So if you get one of these as a pet, be ready to socialize with them. They love it!

Flemish Giant Rabbit

Flemish Giant Rabbit

By Stamatisclan - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

Flemish Giants are the largest breeds of rabbits in the world when it comes to domestic rabbits breeds. Their origin dates back to the 16th century in Flanders, the Flemish region of Belgium.  Moreover, they are traditionally for meat and fur purposes. 

However, they are now widely used as pets and for shows. This makes them a universal kind of rabbit breed. It’s amazing how many giant rabbits have come from these rabbits. And this makes them popular rabbit ancestors. 

The Flemish Giant rabbit has a semi-arched body and weighs up to 15 pounds on average. However, they can be heavier than this. Additionally, these giant bunnies are obedient and easy-going, which makes them good pet rabbits.

Blanc de Bouscat

Blanc de Bouscat

ByThomon - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

Another rabbit breed on our list is the Blanc de Bouscat. The British Rabbit Council, but not the ARBA recognizes this rabbit breed. This large bunny’s origin is in France and as far back as 1906. 

At that time, a couple, Mr Dulon and his wife decided to make this massive white-coated rabbit. The Flemish giants, Argente Champagne, and French Angora breeds all have a part in the development of the Blanc de Bouscat breed.

It weighs about 13 pounds minimum and could be way heavier than this. Additionally, it’s one of the longest-living giant rabbit breeds as it lives up to 10 years. Their body shape is also semi-arched and their ears are long, thick, and straight. This giant bunny also has a ruby eye making them the albino kind of bunnies

The Blanc de Bouscat was originally for meat and fur, but they are now well-known pet rabbits, especially in France. Even first-time rabbit owners can handle them. They have a sociable nature and are full of fun!

Silver Fox

Silver Fox

By Kwinterperez - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

This is another huge rabbit breed but a rare one. The Silver Fox has its origin in the United States. In addition, a breeder from North Canton (Ohio), Walter B. Garland, made this giant breed. 

The main purpose for breeding the Silver Fox rabbit was for their meat, fur, and shows. Furthermore, the American Rabbit Breeders Association recognizes this breed. It also has another name - the American Heavyweight Silver. 

Silver Fox rabbits are large and weigh about 9-12 pounds. The idea behind their naming comes from the thick fur, which is a look-alike of the silver fox’s fur. They are also friendly rabbits and enjoy handling very much.

Checkered Giant Rabbit

Checkered Giant Rabbit

By DestinationFearFan - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,

This is one of the largest rabbits with a striking appearance. This Checkered Giant rabbit has its beginning in France. This breed is one of the few breeds of rabbits with a special coat pattern. This is what makes this breed stand out. 

This large rabbit breed weighs over 12 pounds. Additionally, they have a lifespan of 5-8 years. The main purpose for breeding it is for shows, which is obvious from their looks. However, they still serve as meat too. 

In addition, these giant bunnies make great pets too. They love to roam around and love being outside. They might be giants but have lean semi-arched bodies. They just look like hares. 

However, They equally have semi-arched bodies and are quite muscular. Erect ears that are thick and long. Furthermore, the ARBA recognizes two varieties of this breed only. They are either “white with black patterns” or “white with blue patterns”. 

Spanish Giant

Spanish giant is another massive rare rabbit breed in the world. Their origin dates back to the early 1900s in Spain. At that time, some Spanish breeders developed these giants by crossbreeding large Spanish rabbit breeds with the well-known Flemish Giant rabbit. 

They were originally bred for meat and this almost drove them to extinction. However, with human efforts, they escaped extinction as their numbers came back on track. Moreover, they have an average weight of about 15 pounds and a lifespan of 4-6 years. 

Spanish rabbits have straight long ears. Interestingly, they have great personalities great – calm and friendly. This makes them great pets for families.

British Giant

British Giant Rabbit

By Margaret Clough, CC BY-SA 2.0,

This large bunny has its origin in Belgium back in 1940. Moreover, this breed is a descendant of the Flemish Giants. In addition, these rabbits are mainly known in the UK and more popular in Belgium. 

The British Giant resulted from crossbreeding the Flemish Giant standard of different colors. The goal was to create a large rabbit breed with more color variety than the Flemish Giants but still maintain similar features. 

However, it’s smaller than the Flemish Giant. British giants have an average weight of 12 pounds and can grow up to 15 pounds. They also live about 4-6 years. Furthermore, they are calm, loving, and even good for families with small children.


Altex rabbit

By Tjflex2

The Altex is another giant rabbit breed with an average weight of 10 to 20 pounds. The combination of two US states, Alabama and Texas, brought about the name of this breed, “Altex”. 

Interestingly, the Altex breed also originates from these two states. This large rabbit breed came about in 1994 through cross-breeding Flemish giants, Argente Champagne, and Californian rabbits. 

In subsequent years, the New Zealand rabbit breed became part of these breeds that forms the Altex rabbit. they’re normally white. Neither the ARBA nor the BRC (British Rabbit Council) recognizes the Altex rabbit breed.

Though this breed is mainly reared for its meat, it also makes good pet rabbits for families even if you are new to owning bunnies. You can recognize this breed by its white fur. In addition, matured ones will have grey marks around their large erect ears, noses, ears, feet, and tails.

Giant Papillon

Giant Papillon

By Jamain - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

Giant Papillon also called Giant French Butterfly is another giant-sized rabbit, which weighs over 10 pounds. They have full arched bodies with large straight ears – ones that point out pretty well. 

Has a lifespan of 4-7 years. However, all that’s left of this rabbit is its history and the many breeds of rabbits that were produced out of it through cross-breeding. That’s right, the Giant Papillon went into extinction. 

In addition, one of the largest breeds in the world today, the Checkered Giant, is a close relative of the giant Papillon. 

Hungarian Giant

Hungarian rabbit

By Zweer de Bruin

Another upright-eared rabbit that makes it to our list of the largest rabbits is the Hungarian rabbit. These large bunnies are heavy as 11 to 15 pounds. About 200 years back, this large rabbit breed came about.

The Hungarian Giant is a result of the international breeding of different continental rabbit breeds with wild breeds. At first, they were made for their meat, but their great personalities have made them great pets ad show animals.


What is the Largest Breed of Rabbits? 

The Flemish Giant! This is the largest rabbit breed in the world. These bunnies can be as big as 20 pounds in weight. 

Amazingly, the rabbit holding the record for the largest rabbit in the world falls under this breed. 

What Type of Giant Rabbits are There?

Giant rabbits come in different breeds. Here's a list of the large bunny breeds in the world today.

  • Flemish Giant
  • Giant Angora rabbit
  • Checkered Giant
  • Continental Giant 
  • English Lop
  • French Lop
  • Giant Chinchilla rabbit
  • Beveren rabbit
  • Blanc de Bouscat
  • New Zealand rabbit 
  • Silver fox
  • Altex
  • British Giant
  • Spanish giant
  • Hungarian giant 

What’s a Huge Bunny Called?

A huge bunny is basically called a giant rabbit. This is the name given to them to differentiate them from smaller rabbits.

And for a bunny to be a giant, they must weigh about 10 pounds or more. In addition, the huge bunny breeds we have today are all domesticated rabbits. 

How Large is the Biggest Rabbit?

Darius, the biggest rabbit in the world currently, has a massive size compared to any other rabbit even its breed. He weighs about 49 pounds. His body length measures about 4ft 3 in (1.3 m). 

This massive size is incomparable to any other large rabbit in the world. He is also a Flemish Giant breed, which is known to be the largest breed. Interestingly, Darius still weighs twice as much as the average weight of typical Flemish Giant breeds.

Final Thoughts

That’s our list of the largest rabbit breeds in the world. Not only are they big but also they have large personalities. These large breeds can be a bundle of joy to families. 

When you plan to get one, make sure you get them from reputable breeders. Breeders who can tell you the age, health status, and other important details you need to know about them. 

Owing to their large sizes, they have some special needs. Ensure you can meet these needs before deciding on bringing one of these giants into your home. 

Nevertheless, they are still bunnies just huge ones. Hence, you and still follow some basic rabbit needs which you'll find in our full rabbit guide. Click Here! 

The appeal to have a bunny as a pet has taken off recently. A pet rabbit is cute, active, quiet, relatively easy to care for, and an excellent companion. Who doesn't want such a cute creature to live a long and healthy life alongside us?

Rabbits weren't very popular house pets, until recently. They were thought to be smelly, untrainable, and destructive, good for being outside only. As a result, not everyone knows how long rabbits live and what it takes to care for one.

It's much more common to see popular pets like dogs, cats, and other pets around humans. That's why their lifespans are fairly common knowledge.

You'll be surprised to know that bunnies are fairly long-lived pets. I'll tell you more about the lifespan of a rabbit in this article. I'll also throw in a few tips and tricks to assure a long and healthy life for your bunny buddy.

Let's take a look at rabbit life expectancy and how it's affected by us.

Pet rabbit, bunny life expectancy

How Long Do Rabbits Live?

The average lifespan of a domestic rabbit is about 5 to 10 years. There are a lot of factors that can affect this. In the wild, rabbits live for only a few years many never making it past their third or fourth birthday.

Wild rabbits live very stressful lives. They are constantly in danger from predators, may suffer from water and food shortages, and are exposed to many diseases.

Domestic rabbits on the other hand live very privileged and sheltered lives. They get everything they need from their humans. Many pet rabbit owners even opt to take their fluffy friends for yearly check-ups at the vet.

Oldest Rabbit On Record

The oldest rabbit to ever live was a wild-born rabbit named Flopsy from Australia. Flopsy lived to be 18 years and almost 11 months old. Besides Flopsy, there was also a rabbit called Mick that reached the age of 16 and another called Heather that turned 15 before passing away.

Flopsy is for sure the oldest rabbit we know of, but there might be more that was never recorded. Rabbits don't make it to their teens very often, so to have one is quite an achievement as a rabbit owner. If you have a rabbit that's 14 years old or older, you're a rabbit-keeping legend!

Senior rabbit

What Affects A Pet Rabbit's Lifespan?

Generally speaking, you can say a spayed or neutered rabbit may live to an age between 6 and 13 years old. There are many factors to consider when trying to figure out how long a pet bunny will live, however. Let's take a closer look.

1. Breed Size And Health Concerns

Just like in dogs, breed size does make a difference when it comes to rabbit age. Generally, larger breeds of domestic rabbits live shorter lives than smaller rabbits. This means that dwarf rabbits, like the Netherland dwarf, may live a longer life than the Flemish Giant and other giant breeds.

On top of that, you need to also consider inherited genetic problems. Some domesticated rabbits are much more prone to developing breed-related health concerns. These problems could potentially shorten the lifespan of your pet rabbit.

For instance, dwarf bunnies have shortened noses. This makes them more susceptible to dental diseases and tear duct blockages.

Small rabbit

Larger breeds on the other hand are more sensitive to warm weather conditions. They find it much more difficult to cool down so extra care must be taken if you have an outdoor bunny. They're also more susceptible to heart disease and arthritis due to their size.

In some cases, a specific breed is more susceptible to a certain problem. For instance, the Dutch rabbit breed has an increased risk of developing cancer.

Unfortunately, pet rabbit owners like you and I have no control over this. All you can do is keep your rabbit healthy, take it for regular check-ups at the vet, and hope it lives a long happy life with you.

2. Rabbit Nutrition And Life Span

Most pet rabbits live the longest when fed the proper diet. Nutrition plays a major role in the average lifespan of a bunny no matter the breed.

Pet rabbits are herbivores and thus need a diet specifically tailored for their needs. Unlike most herbivores, however, they can't ruminate (chew the cud) like cows and sheep can.

To make up for this, domestic rabbits eat cecotropes (special soft poop with lots of vitamins in it). Don't panic if you see your pet rabbit eating its own poop, it's normal behavior. Rather start worrying if your pet rabbits stop eating their own feces.

The eating of feces is called coprophagy. In rabbits, it's very important if you want your bunny to live a long life.

Wild rabbits also display this behavior. Cecothropes are usually produced early in the morning and can be recognized by their smell and soft texture. Normal bunny poop is quite hard, dry round pellets with almost no scent.

Rabbit eating food

What To Feed Your Pet Rabbit

The main part of a rabbit's diet is grass hay. It's best to give an unlimited supply of hay so your pet can eat as much as it wants. If your pet rabbit is older than 3 months, you can also introduce fresh food like leafy greens, vegetables, and fruits.

Young bunnies should only be fed rabbit pellets along with unlimited hay. Make sure the pellets contain no colorful pieces, nuts, or corn.

Stick to plain old boring rabbit food with no extras. If there's a tiny bit of corn in the pellet ingredients, it shouldn't be a problem, but large dried corn kernels can cause serious intestinal blockages.

You can also check out this article, What To Feed Your Rabbit Daily, for more detailed information on feeding bunnies.

Dwarf rabbit eating

3. Indoors VS Outdoor Living

All pets need somewhere to stay. More and more people are allowing domesticated rabbits into their homes. These rabbits are referred to as house rabbits and are becoming very popular pets for those in apartments.

Pet rabbits are relatively quiet and don't need a very large space to run. If your pet bunny will be living indoors, you can get a large hutch with a puppy pen attached to it. This will help you to create a safe house rabbit environment away from any electric cables and wooden furniture.

House rabbit

Outdoor pet rabbits live just as long as other bunnies if given a proper home. They need somewhere to take shelter from bad weather and an area to run and graze. If you have no grazing, you'll need to provide lots of hay.

Outdoor pet rabbits are more exposed, however, so you need to visit the vet more regularly vet and also stay on top of vaccinating on time. Keep your rabbit away from any natural predators by making sure the hutch is completely secure with a roof and a wire floor.

4. Exercise And Enrichment

A pet rabbit needs mental stimulation to stay healthy. Rabbits tend to get bored very quickly. This can get them into trouble which can be detrimental to your rabbit's health.

You can provide mental stimulation in the form of chew toys can you get from any pet store, homemade toys, and supervised free roaming time. Pet stores usually have quite a collection of toys.

The toys also don't have to be specifically for rabbits. Bunnies enjoy cat tunnels, wooden toys for birds, and an array of toys for other animals. Just make sure they are safe for chewing on!

Cat tunnels

For homemade boredom busters, you can give your bunny a simple maze made from cardboard boxes. You can also stuff a toilet roll with some leafy greens and watch them trying to get it out. If you have an extra litter tray, fill it with soil to create a dig box. They absolutely love it and it's low maintenance.

No matter how many years old your bunny is, playing and running will always be a favorite pass time for most rabbits. For exercise get a puppy pen or use a baby gate to section off a part of your home. Make sure it's bunny safe and let them run. Bunnies that get to exercise regularly stay fit and thus live longer.

5. Spaying And Neutering

If you don't plan on breeding with your rabbits, it's a great idea to get them spayed or neutered. Male rabbits tend to start spraying urine everywhere when they reach sexual maturity. They do this as a way to mark their territory and everything in it including you.

Male rabbits might also start grunting and become aggressive. If he was part of a bonded pair, you might notice them fighting more due to hormones taking over.

Female rabbits also spray urine occasionally, but it's a more prominent trait in males. You might notice your female rabbits start refusing to use the litter box, however. Spaying and neutering help with house training.

It also helps to avoid health concerns related to the reproductive tract and of course, it also avoids hundreds of babies.

Rabbits can breed every 32 days. The male can mate with the female rabbits as soon as they gave birth. It's best to keep your rabbit male away from the females.

When you take hormones out of the mix, rabbits tend to live a long and happy life.

Rabbit pair

6. Veterinary Care

The last thing that plays a big role in rabbit health is routine veterinary care. Bunnies need to go for yearly check-ups to make sure they have no dental issues and to get their vaccinations done. Rabbit's teeth never stop growing so it's very important to check for any issues if you want your bun to live longer.

Pet care is your most important duty as a rabbit owner. No matter which rabbit breeds you keep, staying up to date with health care is the key to a long life.

Wild Rabbits Live Longer In Captivity

Have you ever asked yourself: How long do rabbits live in captivity? The answer is much longer than in the wild. In captivity, they are protected from natural predators, checked for health issues, and fed proper diets.

These rabbits are given everything they need to live a long life. This significantly improves the rabbit lifespan of captive bunnies.

Cottontail rabbit, wild rabbit

Lifespan Of Different Rabbit Breeds

If you're not sure if your bunny is a dwarf or a standard-sized breed, check out the list below:

  • Dwarf breedsExpected rabbit lifespan: 7-14 years.Any rabbit breeds weighing between 0.6-2.27 kg (1.5 - 5 Ib) as adults.
    • Netherland dwarf
    • Dwarf English Angora
    • Holland lop
    • Dwarf lionhead rabbit
    • Dwarf Hotot
    • Polish rabbit
    • Dwarf lop
    • Himalayan rabbit
    • Mini Rex

Dwarf rabbit and dog

  • Standard breedsExpected rabbit lifespan: 6-10 years.Any rabbit breeds weighing between 2.3- 3.6kg (5.1 - 8 Ib) as adults.
    • English Angora
    • English spot
    • Standard Rex
    • Harlequin
    • Havana
    • Standard Chinchilla

Chinchilla rabbit

  • Giant breedsExpected rabbit lifespan: 5-8 years.Any rabbit breeds weighing between 3.7-9.1+ kg (8-20+ Ib) as adults.
    • Californian
    • Checkered giant
    • Flemish giant
    • Chinchilla giganta
    • Continental giant

German giant rabbit

The Pet Rabbit Live Cycle

In the wild, rabbits live to reproduce. It's their whole purpose. Pet rabbits on the other hand live to be loved by us. Most pet rabbits can't reproduce. Rabbits are low-maintenance pets if you're prepared for them.


A rabbit's life cycle begins here with a tiny baby called a kit being born. This kitten is quite different from the fluffy hopper we know and love. It was born blind, deaf, and without hair. Baby rabbits don't begin to see their surroundings until about 1-2 weeks after birth.

In the first month of its life, the baby bunny drinks from mom and starts to nibble on some grass from the nest.

It will eat and sleeps in the same place, always relying on its mom for nutrition while it learns how to be a rabbit. Babies grow extremely fast and need to be fed high-protein foods.

Baby bunny

Young Rabbits

After 2 months the young bunny is considered old enough to be on its own. They remain near their mom and sibling, but they are now considered independent.

Pet rabbits may be adopted from a family home when they reach 8 weeks (2 months) old. At this stage, they are very easy to train and integrate into your household. They are considered youngsters until they reach one year of age.


Most rabbits can reproduce from as young as 4 months old. Rabbits are only considered adults, however, when they are around one to two years old depending on the breed.

Once rabbits reach five to seven years old, they are considered seniors. These rabbits typically shouldn't be bred anymore. Senior rabbits need to be fed the proper nutrition to keep them healthy and help them live longer.

Lop rabbit

Tips For A Long And Healthy Life Expectancy For Your Pet Rabbits

If you want your cotton-tailed friend to live as long as possible, make sure you do the following:

  • Feed unlimited hay
  • Feed the right amount of rabbit pellets (read the package instructions)
  • Give your bunny lots of space to run and exercise
  • Provide lots of toys and activities for mental stimulation
  • If you have an outdoor bunny, make sure the enclosure is predator proof
  • Make sure your outdoor bun has shelter from the elements
  • Keep bunnies in pairs. Rabbits are very social creatures
  • Take your cotton-tailed friend for regular vet checkups
  • Keep the cage clean
  • Wash your hands before you touch your bun

These are all great ways to keep your rabbit healthy.

Outdoor bunny enclosure

Frequently Asked Questions

How long do rabbits live as pets?

Rabbits live between 5 to 10 years as pets. A lot will depend on the breed of your bunny, its health, and what you feed it.

Can a bunny be happy in a cage?

Definitely. As long as the cage is big enough to accommodate lots of running and jumping. Cages are best used outside to protect your bun from predators.

Does what I feed my rabbit affect its lifespan?

Yes, pet rabbits need to be fed the right diet for them to live healthy lives. They need lots of grass hays, rabbit pellets, fresh greens, vegetables, and an occasional treat.

How long do dwarf rabbits live?

Dwarf breeds live longer than large breeds. The average lifespan of smaller breeds is between 7 to 14 years old. Living on a poor diet might affect your rabbit's health and life span. Domesticated animals rely on humans to keep them healthy and happy.

How long do mini-lop-eared rabbits live?

These tiny rabbits can live between 7 to 14 years. They are part of the dwarf breeds. These bunnies are very popular house rabbit candidates. Just make sure to check their ears regularly for any infections.

How long does a rabbit live in the wild?

Wild rabbits live shorter lives than domesticated rabbits. You can expect wild rabbits to live for around 3 to 5 years. The reason for the shorter lifespan is due to predators, food shortages, and diseases.

In captivity, these bunnies stand a much bigger chance to live to the same age as domestic rabbits.

Rabbit on a walk

Final Thoughts

Did you get your bunny yet? If not, you can now adopt without worries. Make sure you adapt your rabbit's diet to a healthier one if you haven't yet, expand the exercise area and add lots of bunny safe toys. Your little hopper will entertain you for years to come!

Happy hopping!

Are you thinking of welcoming your first house rabbits as pets into your home? Choosing your first pet bunnies can feel extremely overwhelming.

I know how nerve-wracking it can be since you want to make the best choice for everyone. Fortunately, the whole choosing a pet rabbit story doesn’t have to be so scary. 

If you’re about to welcome a little hopper into your family, make sure you’re prepared. Here’s what you need to know. 

house rabbits as pets

By Chris Friese

Why Choose House Rabbits As Pets

Before you get your first rabbits as pets, ask yourself the following question: Is a rabbit the right pet for me? Rabbits have some specialized needs that will need to be addressed. Unlike what most believe, they aren’t the easiest pets to keep. Here are a few things to help you decide if a pet rabbit is, after all, the best pet for you. 

  • Rabbits can live for many years. Many reach the age of 10 or even higher. Are you ready for that commitment?
  • Bunnies have special diets. Did you do the research?
  • Rabbits need somewhere safe to live in with lots of space to run. Can you provide that?
  • Rabbits need special vets. Do you have a vet in mind already?
  • Bunnies can be messy while being potty trained. Are you ready to clean up daily?
  • Pet rabbits can get along with other pets if properly introduced. Are you ready to put in the time?
  • Bunnies can be trained to do tricks. Are you game for some playtime?
  • Pet rabbits need a friend and lots of attention. It’s usually best to get two. Are you ready to love them?
  • Rabbits are quite fragile. Can you protect your new fluffball from excited kids and other pets?

Once you’ve answered all these questions and you still want your bunny, take a look at what you need to get before bringing your new pet home. 

First pet rabbit

Things You Need Before Getting A Pet Rabbit

Before bringing your new hopping friend home, make sure you already have everything ready to make your bunny feel at home. House rabbits as pets need a bit more than cats and dogs when it comes to their care. Make sure you have the following before bringing your bunnies home:

  • A rabbit hutch
  • Food bowls
  • Water bowls or bottles
  • Litter trays
  • Rabbit safe litter
  • Rabbit safe chew toys
  • Hay feeder
  • A playpen
  • Baby gate
  • Rabbit proofing supplies
  • Floor protection
  • Rabbit safe cleaning supplies
  • Puppy pads
  • Rabbit carrier
  • Bunny bedding
  • First aid kit
  • Grooming supplies
  • Healthy rabbit food 

If you need a bit more information on these supplies, check out our article on preparing for your first rabbit

To get set up, choose a location in your home like a room or corner of a room to dedicate to your bunny. Make sure this area is free of anything your bunny rabbit can destroy such as electric cables. 

Set up the playpen in such a way that it protects the walls, but still gives your bunny some space to run and jump. This playpen needs to be high enough so that the rabbit doesn’t simply just jump over it. 

Inside this playpen, you can set up a hutch or a cage. This will be the sleeping quarters for your bun. Place some bedding inside made from hay or something similar. On the floor of the playpen, you can place a floor protector. Also, dedicate one corner to the litter tray. Keep in mind that you might need to move the litter box to your rabbit’s preferred weeing corner. 

Add some rabbit safe toys, a food and water bowl and you’re just about ready to go. House rabbits as pets are usually free raoming in the house. If your bunny will be doing this, you will need to protect any wooden furniture as well as electric cables. Read more about this in our article on rabbit proofing your home. 

Once you have a cosy bunny home set up, you’re ready to start choosing a rabbit for your family. 

Pet bunny outdoors

How To Pick A Pet Rabbit?

Picking bunnies to bring home can be extremely exciting but also nerve-wracking. To make the choice easier for you, I’ve put together a few things to consider when choosing a pet rabbit. Here’s what you need to think about.

Things To Consider When Choosing A Pet Rabbit

  • Size

The first thing you’ll need to think about is the size of your potential rabbit. Bunnies come in all sizes from very small dwarfs to giant breeds. What you choose will depend a little on what you can offer your cotton-tailed friend. 

If you have a lot of space but prefer a small bunny, then there is no reason to worry. More space is always better after all. The problem comes in when you have only a small apartment with very little running space for your bun. Giant breeds need a bit more space to stretch their legs. If you want one of these, make sure you have the space. 

Make sure you have your pet’s best interest at heart when choosing a size bunny. 

  • Breed

If it matters to you how your bunny looks, you might want to choose a breed that suits you. Just like dogs, different breeds look and act very differently. If you’re confused, do some research on rabbit breeds before you get a bunny. 

For those who want a very active breed, it’s best to stick to the smaller bunny breeds. If you want a lazy rabbit that loves to cuddle, a big breed may be better. Keep in mind that not all breeds act the same. 

If you like cuddly house rabbits as pets, consider a flemish giant or a continental giant. These breeds are also big enough to not be at risk when interacting with small children and other pets like cats. 

  • Age

It’s always good to know if you want a baby rabbit or an adult. There are many rabbits in rescues that need homes. Unfortunately, most of these are already adults. If you’re willing to take in an adult, it’s always a great idea to look at a few rescues. 

If you want a baby rabbit of a specific breed. You can either ask rescues if they have any or contact a breeder. Make sure not to get your baby before 8 weeks old. They still drink from mom until they are around 6 weeks old. 

Also, make sure the breeder is reputable and keep their bunnies in good condition. Backyard breeders must be reported to your local SPCA to prevent animal cruelty. 

  • Personality/Temperament

Different rabbits have different personalities. If you want outgoing house rabbits as pets, try choosing one that comes to sniff you. These bunnies are curious and won’t mind being handled. 

While choosing your bunny, also make sure to pick it up. If the new bunny struggles a lot, it might not like being handled. If you want to cuddle it, choose one that doesn’t struggle when sitting on your lap. 

pet rabbits fighting

By Mark Philpott

  • Gender

Female bunnies are usually the more difficult gender. If you’re a first-time rabbit owner, a male bunny might be a better choice. Male rabbits tend to be much calmer, less destructive and less territorial. Female rabbits on the other hand are more independent, more territorial, sometimes quite aggressive and very destructive. 

If you have a lot of patience, experience and time, a female bunny can make a perfect pet. If you’re not so confidant yet and don’t have a lot of patience or time, rather consider a male bunny.  Remember that there are always exceptions. 

  • Rabbit costs

House rabbits as pets aren't the cheapest critters to keep. Are you ready for the investment? They are long term pets that require special foods to stay healthy. They also need special cages to keep them out of trouble when you aren’t around to keep them safe. 

Bunnies also need special veterinary care. If you’re prepared to invest in your rabbit friend, then you shouldn’t have any problems. Just keep in mind that they aren’t the cheapest pets to keep. 

  • The special needs of rabbits 

Bunnies need a very specific diet. You will need a lot of hay and veggies to keep them healthy. This can become quite an expensive process. 

They also need special veterinary care so make sure you have a vet in mind before you get your pet. If something goes wrong with a bunny, it usually goes very wrong very quickly. Don’t wait until the last minute to find a bunny savvy veterinarian.

  • Other pets

If you already have other pets, you will need to think about how you will be integrating your house rabbits as pets. Very small bunnies like Netherland Dwarfs, it isn’t the best idea to keep them with predators like dogs and cats. 

Larger bunnies do better since they don’t immediately trigger the hunting instincts of your other pets. If you have chickens and guinea pigs, however, your bunnies should get along just fine with them. 

They will also be just fine with cats and dogs if you get a kitten or puppy at the same time as your bunny and raise them together. 

Little Girl and rabbit

  • Your family

The last thing you need to consider is your family. Does anyone suffer from pet allergies? Just like cats and dogs, rabbits also have dander in their fur. They also shed heavily as cats do. For this reason, you might not want one if someone is allergic. 

If you have small kids, you also might want to put off getting a bunny. Small kids are very rough and might injure your fluffy friend by accident. If you’re willing to supervise, however, it might work out. It might also be best to get a giant breed instead of a small one. 

You will also need to establish who will be caring for this bunny. There is a lot of work that goes into rabbit care. Litter boxes need to be cleaned every second day, poop needs to be picked up, water needs to be changed and the bunny needs to be fed. All of these tasks can take quite a bit of time. Make sure everyone knows their duties. 

Also, make sure that a rabbit suits your lifestyle. If you travel a lot, this pet might not be the best choice for you. Rather get something like fish that won’t miss you too much when you’re gone. If you’re a stay at home parent or if you work from home, on the other hand, bunnies are great pets. They thrive on attention and need a lot of love to stay tame. 

Rabbits and kids

By Jdlrobson

Selecting your first Pet Rabbit 

Now you might wonder how exactly you’re supposed to only choose one or two rabbit out of the whole bunch. Here’s what you need to look for:

  • Cleanliness
  • Health
  • Personality
  • Cost
  • Housing conditions

Cleanliness, health and housing

A clean bunny is usually a healthy bunny. If the bunnies have a dirty bum, look a bit scruffy or has wee stains all over, you might want to find out a bit more about them before getting one. 

You can also evaluate the health of a bunny by doing a physical examination. Healthy bunnies usually have clear eyes with no mucus in the corners. The nose should be twitching, be dry and mucus free. If the bunny is continuously sneezing, it also might be sick. 

The area under the tail should be clean and poop-free. The spine should be felt but not prominent and definitely not visible. The same goes for the pelvis and the ribs. The ears should be erect (except if you have a breed such as a lop), clean and moving freely. 

The whole body posture of the bunny should be alert, curious and ready to either play or run. A rabbit that is overly skittish may have never been handled or is feeling sick. If the bunny seems listless, it might also be sick. 

While checking the bunnies for health and cleanliness, also check their living conditions. Bunnies kept in smelly, nasty environments usually aren’t very healthy. Rabbits are very clean animals. If given the choice, they won’t ever get themselves dirty. 

Also, check the living conditions of the parents. If they aren't present, ask to see them. Some backyard breeders will show you the babies, but they won’t show you the nasty conditions these kits were kept in. 


Every bunny has its own personality. Some are sweet and cuddly while others are super active and curious. You will need to spend some time with the rabbit you’d like to adopt to get a reading on its personality. 

Some can be very shy and only really start to show you what they are made of once they get used to you. If you can, visit your bunny of choice several times before it’s allowed to come home with you. 

Rabbits just want food

By Jdlrobson


This might not be important to you, but how much your bunny costs will be directly related to its health and quality. Cheap bunnies often have health issues and have been bred by unknowledgeable people. This is not always the case, but unfortunately, it happens often. 

Bunnies that cost more are usually of a specific breed and prized by the breeder. These are the bunnies in the best conditions since breeders usually prize their animals and only send the best out into the world. They also often attend shows and courses to learn how to breed for health and quality. 

The best option, however, is to adopt. Adopting a bunny means you give one poor soul a happy ending. Unfortunately, these rabbits aren’t always in the best of health and might have some trust issues. This is expected since their previous owners more than likely abused or abandoned them. If you have the patients and money, however, I would highly suggest adopting a bunny in need. 

What questions should I ask when selecting a Pet rabbit?

Before taking your new rabbit home, there are a few things you must straighten out with the current owners or breeder. Here are a few things you must ask:

  • Have the bunnies ever seen a vet?
  • Do they have papers? (pedigree papers, breeding registry papers, change of ownership papers)
  • Who are the parents? 
  • Can I see the parents?
  • Background of the parents/rabbit in question
  • What does the enclosure look like?
  • The expected size of an adult
  • Space requirement of the breed
  • Can I have a feeding guide?
  • Is the bunny male or female and how to check 

More about choosing your new rabbit

Sometimes it’s not the most straightforward process to choose house rabbits as pets for your family. Here are a few things you need to ask yourself:

  • Which breed of rabbit would be best?

Not all rabbit breeds are the same. Some are large and can weigh 10kg (22 pounds) or more. Others are small and can weigh as little as 1kg (2.2 pounds). 

You will also need to decide if you want your rabbit to have long or short fur. Keep in mind that rabbits with long fur require much more grooming and personal attention than those with short fur.  

The last thing you’ll have to consider is colour. Rabbits come in many colour varieties with a stunning amount of different colour patterns. Not all of these might be appealing to everyone so make sure you choose something you like. 

rabbit breeds

By Hippopx

  • What are the signs of a healthy rabbit?

Healthy rabbits are easy to identify. Look out for the following signs that your bunny is in good health: 

  • Clear, mucus free eyes
  • Dry, mucus free nose
  • No sneezing
  • Clean, mobile, erect ears (unless it’s a Lop)
  • Clean, neat, shiny fur
  • The area under and around the tail is clean
  • No pee stains on the fur
  • Alert, curious and active disposition. 
  • Is owning house rabbits as pets expensive?

Rabbits might seem like super easy pets, but this isn’t always the case. These critters need special living arrangements and food to keep them safe, happy and healthy. You will need to get the following for your bunny:

  • Food bowls and water bowls/bottle
  • Sleeping hutch
  • Playpen
  • Bunny proofing supplies
  • Chew toys
  • Hay
  • Rabbit pellets
  • Rabbit safe cleaning supplies
  • Fresh fruits and veggies
  • Litter trays and rabbit safe cat litter

For more on what to get for your bunny, click here. As you can see, bunnies aren’t the cheapest animals to keep, at least initially. If you’re willing to invest in your little friend, however, you won’t be disappointed. 

 bunny living area

By Keith Survell

Rabbit FAQs

Where should I keep my rabbit?

Rabbits can be kept as free-roaming pets if you’re willing to bunny proof your home. Some people dedicate one room to their rabbits and close it off with a baby gate. Bunnies do just fine outside as well as long as the area is safely enclosed, has shelter and is large enough for them to run around. Keep in mind that they need enough space to run and do all kinds of rabbit things. 

Where can you find a pet rabbit?

There are only two places you should ever consider buying a rabbit from. The first is a reputable breeder that is registered with a breed registry and the second is an animal rescue. Never buy a bunny from a pet shop or someone that just breeds their pets unethically. These bunnies are often sick or so badly bred that they have health issues for life. 

Tell me the best place to get a Pet rabbit?

The best place to get a rabbit is from either an animal rescue or a registered breeder. This way you’ll know exactly what you’re getting yourself into without being lied to about the condition your rabbit is in or the best care for it. 

What if I already have other pets at home?

Rabbits can get along with other animals if introduced properly. Dogs can be trained to leave the bunny alone for instance. Cats are a bit more difficult, but you can get past the danger by getting a large rabbit breed. They can also successfully live along with guinea pigs, chickens and other non-aggressive pets. 

Bunny and cat

By Ed Brey

Do rabbits like to be picked up?

No, most rabbits hate this. They are prey animals and being picked up feels like being captured by a predator. This is super stressful to them and should be avoided where possible. If you need to pick up your bunny for any reason, make sure to support the back and hindquarters and hold your rabbit close to your body so it feels safer. 

How often do I need to see a vet?

The frequency will depend on where you live. In some countries, rabbits need to get yearly vaccinations like dogs and cats to avoid serious illnesses. In other countries, it might only be necessary to see a vet on the rare occasion that something is wrong. It’s always good to do a yearly checkup, so if you can, get into that routine. 

Should I get two bunnies instead of one?

Yes, it’s always better to keep rabbits in pairs. They are extremely social creatures and will bond with a partner for life. Bunnies kept on their own will become bored and lonely easily which often leads to destructive behaviours and depression. Just make sure to bond them properly. Pet rabbits fighting can get quite dangerous to everyone involved. 

Does a rabbit need special care?

Yes. Rabbits need a special veterinarian. The vet needs to be knowledgeable in the care of rabbits and other exotic pets. Make sure you have a rabbit savvy vet in mind even before you get your new friend. 

Common Pet Rabbit Mistakes

If you’re a new rabbit owner to be, take a look at the following mistakes to avoid them yourself. 

  • Living arrangement problems

Many bunny owners get their rabbit before they are ready for it. This leads to a scramble to put together a cage and get all the necessary things a rabbit needs to live a happy, healthy life. 

  • Get house rabbits as pets before doing the research

Rabbits are long term pets. It’s best to do the proper research before you get your new pet. Rabbits aren’t the easiest pets and they definitely aren’t for beginner pet owners. Make sure you know exactly how to care for your new fluffy friend before it comes home. 

  • Feeding the wrong diet

People often believe that pet rabbits can live on carrots and lettuce. This unfortunately is not true. The main food in your rabbit’s diet should be hay with the rest only being supplements. If you’re wondering how to correctly feed a bunny, take a look at this article.  

bunny eating


Now that you know a bit more about choosing your first pet rabbit, it’s time to select your long time fluffy partner. Make sure to create a list of what you want before you go rabbit hunting and do the proper research. Once you’re set up and prepared at home, it’s time to bring your cotton-tailed friend home. 

Let me know in the comments below how you found your new pet rabbit. 

rabbit facts

Do you want to learn some rabbit facts for owners? Adopting a new pet rabbit is something that a lot of people rush into, only figuring out how to care for the animal after they’ve already picked it up. But is a bunny the right pet for you?

Rabbits make the most wonderful house pets. They are hugely underrated (in my opinion anyway) alternatives to the more traditional dogs and cats. Of course, doing your research is very important, so in this article, I’ll give you 9 important facts to help you decide whether a bunny rabbit is really the right pet for you. 

Let's get you started on facts about rabbits.

Amazing Rabbit Facts

Rabbits can be the most amazing pets. Here's why...

1. Pet Rabbits Live For Many Years

Before you buy or adopt a bunny, it’s very important to consider the pet rabbit lifespan. Of course, you want to provide your pet with a great home for its entire life. 

So how long does a pet rabbit live? Well, with the right care you can expect your bunny to live between 8 and 10 years. Think of it as the same sort of commitment as getting a large dog breed. 

2. You Can Train Your Pet Rabbit 

Don't believe me? Watch this rabbit facts video on bynny show jumping. 

Did you know that bunnies can be trained? No, they can’t do your homework, but they can be taught a few handy tricks and habits. 

You can litter train your pet rabbit for example, or even teach him or her to do fun tricks like jumping over obstacles. Training your pet rabbit is a great way to bond with your bunny and keep him or her well exercised. 

This is one of the most fun rabbit facts right?

3. Sometimes Pet Rabbits Need Special Veterinary Care

Your pet rabbit may need specialized veterinary care if it gets sick or injured. It’s a good idea to call the local veterinarians and animal hospitals in your area to find out who can help if necessary.

You should definitely have your pet rabbit spayed or neutered. This can make them a lot calmer and prevent them from making lots of baby bunnies. While this can be pretty expensive, it’s something that we do for our cats and dogs, so why not for our bunnies too right?

Pet rabbits are usually very healthy and problem-free, but if you don’t have access to proper animal health services for your pet, a fluffy hopper might not be the best pet for you.  

4. Pet Rabbits Can Get Along With Other Pets  

Bunny and puppy

One of the most common questions I see is: can I keep my bunny with cats, dogs, and other pets? The answer is yes and no. In many homes, rabbits make great friends with cats and dogs and they will even cuddle together. 

The important thing to remember is that rabbits are prey animals and cats and dogs are predators. Allowing your rabbit to roam freely is not recommended if your dog, for example, has a strong prey drive and a history of chasing small animals. 

Rabbits can make great friends with other rabbits if they are bonded correctly. If not, they can get into some pretty vicious fights. At the end of the day, there’s a lot of different factors at play here, and the subject deserves a more in-depth article of its own. 

5. A Pet Rabbit Can Be Very Clean  

Rabbits are naturally clean animals if given the right care and space. In fact, you can even house train your rabbit

A litter-trained rabbit is an extremely clean animal that will always keep its sleeping area clean and free of any nasty smells. Of course, if you never let your bunny out of its hutch or sleeping cage, it will have no option but to ‘go’ there. 

Don't bathe your rabbit. Bathing is not necessary because rabbits don’t go very long at all without grooming themselves, just like cats do. In fact, it is very stressful and even dangerous to wash your bunny, so rather let them clean themselves. 

These are two very important rabbit facts wrapped up in one that you might not have known. 

6. Pet Rabbits Need A Healthy Diet

Rabbit eating

It’s important to provide your pet rabbit with a healthy, balanced diet. Bunnies should always have access to food, but not just any food will do. 

Your pet rabbit should have a constant supply of hay, and be fed regularly with high-quality, balanced rabbit pellets. Occasional snacks of fruits like guava and vegetables are also great for bouncy bunnies. Read my in-depth guide on how to feed your rabbit for more information. 

7. A Pet Rabbit Needs Enough Space

Rabbits are active creatures that love to run and play. While pet rabbits can be kept in cages, they need to be large enough to allow the bunny to move around freely and extend their bodies to their full length. 

The cage is really only for sleeping in and it is very important that your pet rabbit gets plenty of time and space to roam out in the yard or the house. The various pet rabbit breeds vary a lot in size, but even small breeds like the Netherlands dwarf will appreciate the space to run and explore every day. If you can't supervise, place your bunny in a safe enclosure to keep him or her safe from predators.

8. Pet Rabbit Safety 

Bunny on couch

Rabbits are inquisitive animals that explore the world with their sharp teeth. It’s not that they are destructive, they just like to test different objects and materials in their environment. Rabbits have very sharp teeth so electrical cables can be a serious hazard to pet rabbits that are allowed to roam the house. Make sure to inspect the house before you let your binnies out, they think cables are excellent chew toys.

Rabbits can dig so you’ll need to inspect your yard very carefully to make sure there are no places where they could escape. Although bunnies can swim, you should also keep them away from swimming pools and water features to be safe. Also, make sure there is plenty of shelter available.

9. A Pet Rabbit Can Get Hurt Easily

For an animal with such incredible leaping abilities, rabbits are not very good with heights! This is probably because they are built for jumping far, but not high. 

In any case, you should take care to never drop your pet rabbit or let him or her jump off anything higher than about 0.5 meters (1.5 feet) at most. Being pretty fragile creatures, rabbits are not great pets for a family with young children.   


If our rabbit facts didn't help and you’re still struggling to make up your mind, run through this short list of pros and cons:


✅Rabbits are quiet and clean

✅Pet rabbits can be very cuddly and affectionate

✅Rabbits are vegetarian

✅You can train your pet rabbit

✅ The rabbit lifespan can be over 10 years


❌Rabbits aren’t good pets for small children

❌Sick bunnies require specialized care from an experienced vet

❌Bunnies need plenty of space for exercise

❌Bunnies like to explore the world with their teeth


Are rabbits an easy pet?

Once you have put in the time and effort to research the needs of your pet rabbit and set up a great environment for her or him, bunnies are pretty easy pets to keep. 

Do pet rabbits like to cuddle?

Many pet rabbits just love attention and being petted because they are highly affectionate creatures. It really depends on their individual personality of course.

Do pet rabbits bite?

Most rabbits are very calm, peaceful creatures. Bunnies do have sharp teeth though and again, each individual has his or her own personality so bites do happen sometimes. 

Does a pet rabbit poop a lot?

Rabbits are grazers, which means they need to eat a lot of grass. All that grass has to go somewhere, and this means a lot of poop. Fortunately, rabbit poop is dry, compact, and odourless, so it really isn’t so bad. 

Final Thoughts

Rabbit backside

Having a pet rabbit is great fun and something that can really enrich your life. These wonderful animals fit right into most homes.

They do have some special care requirements though, and if you feel like you can’t keep up with those in the long term, perhaps bunnies are not the right pets for you. Please feel free to leave any questions you have in the comments and I’ll do my best to get back to you soon!

If you have more rabbit fun facts owners should know about, leave them in the comments too. 

Happy hopping!

Are you cleaning up yet another mess in the living room, wishing it was possible to litter-train your rabbit? Well, the good news is rabbit litter box training is completely possible and quite easy.

To litter train your rabbit, you'll need multiple litter boxes, litter, white vinegar, and hay. Set up the litter boxes in corners where your rabbit likes to go and add a few droppings to each box along with a hand of hay to encourage your rabbit to use them. Rabbits like to eat and poop at the same time.

To learn more about how to encourage rabbits to use litter boxes regularly, keep reading.

Chim the rabbit being litter trained

Before You Start Litter Box Training

Before you attempt any training at all, it's important to understand that contrary to popular belief, rabbits are very clean animals. This means that they prefer clean litter boxes over stinky poop-filled litter pans. And believe me if I say they'll let you know, usually by finding another clean corner to urinate in instead of using the designated litter box.

Another thing to understand is that training a rabbit to use a litter box is not the same as training a cat. You will need a lot of patience and proper supervision of your fluffy friends if you want them to develop good litter box habits. For the best chance of success, however, you’ll have to keep the following questions in mind before you start training your rabbit:

It is much easier to litter box train a sterilized rabbit than it is to train an intact rabbit. Spayed or neutered rabbits usually don’t feel the need to mark their territories as intact rabbits do. This is especially true for bucks (male rabbits). Bucks will often spray urine to mark their territory and possessions if left intact. This behavior is perfectly normal but can be quite frustrating for bunny owners.

Pro Tip: If you prefer to keep your bunnies intact, I will recommend investing in a urine guard to keep your home and yourself free from spraying urine.

Rabbits can be fixed from around four to six months old, depending on the size of your breed. Giant breeds often take longer to mature, making it safer to only sterilize them at around six months old. Dwarf breeds mature quickly, making them ideal candidates for being fixed at as young as four months old.

You might feel that major surgery is quite extreme just to keep your home clean, but sterilizing rabbits has a lot of other benefits as well. It can help to prevent your rabbit from acting out and biting you, lessens territorial behavior, prevents some severe health issues, and, of course, improves the smell.

In my opinion, it's definitely worth looking into if you won’t be breeding your pet rabbits. 

Litter train with hay

This question might seem irrelevant, but how we handle our pets directly influences their behavior.

For instance, Rabbits that are handled roughly or grabbed and dragged out of their hutch against their will often mark more aggressively. They do this due to feeling insecure and threatened by you and feel the need to remind you that it’s their space. This can make potty training especially difficult.

On the other hand, respecting your rabbit's space and allowing your pet to come to you instead can have the opposite effect. Rabbits that are handled gently often get trained more easily.

It is very important to clean any area your rabbit urinates in with a product that will remove the ammonia smell. If you don’t clean properly, the smell will attract your rabbit again, and you’ll later find another mess to clean in the same spot. If it smells like a toilet, it must be a toilet, right?

To avoid any nasty habits from forming, clean up any accidents with white vinegar or an enzyme cleaner specifically designed to remove pet urine odors

Unlike cats, many rabbits prefer to have more than one litter box to choose from. Let's face it: pet rabbits are lazy. Instead of using the litter box provided, you might find them going to the nearest corner instead.

Rabbits often choose one corner to wee in and stick to, but that doesn’t mean they won’t have a corner in every room or even several corners in a large room. To prevent litter training setbacks, make sure you have enough litter boxes to go around. 

Rabbits can be taught to poop in their litter boxes, but some rabbits just won’t comply no matter what you do. Scattering poop around the house is often a way for a bunny to mark its territory. This behavior is more commonly seen in multi-rabbit households, especially where more than one intact male lives together.

In some cases, you’ll have to learn to live with it. Some bunnies will use litter boxes regularly for urinating, but no matter how hard you try to teach them, they'll continue to scatter poops all over the place. Fortunately, rabbit poop isn’t nasty at all. It also has little to no smell unless your rabbit is still intact and is easy to clean up. 

gus napping in his litterbox

Gus napping in his litterbox by Keith Survell

How To Litter Train Rabbits

Now for the fun part: litter-training rabbits!

Before you start litter training a rabbit, however, you’ll need to ensure you have everything required. Even better, make sure you have all these supplies before your bunny comes home. This way, you can start to potty train from day one.

Here is a quick list:

Rabbit Litter Training Supplies:

A cat litter box works much better for bunnies than commercial rabbit litter boxes. People forget that rabbits can be as big or even bigger than a cat which means litter boxes specifically designed for rabbits are often too small for giant breeds. Instead of trying to use the litter tray, you'll find your rabbit starts to wee on the floor instead.

If you find that your rabbit kicks a lot of litter out of the box, a covered litter box might be the answer. Rabbits like to dig, and a litter box is the perfect candidate for this behavior. You can also try to counter this by providing dedicated dig boxes instead.

Another thing you might find is that just one or two litter trays just won't cut it. You'll most likely end up with a litter box in almost every corner of the room. Better get ready to see them as part of the furniture.

You will need a rabbit-safe absorbent material like recycled paper-based litter, wood stove pellets for small animals, or other organic litters. Just ensure no scent additives or harmful chemicals are added to the litter. Shredded newspaper is also often used as litter but doesn't trap the strong smell of rabbit urine as well as organic litter for cats. 

Make sure to avoid any clumping litter like clay litter. If your rabbit ingests any clay litter, the clumping effect can cause serious obstructions that could harm your bunny.

You might also need to test different litter until you find one your rabbits like. Bunnies can be very picky and might refuse to use any other litter box, which means you can't trust them around the house anymore.

Some safe litter include:

Puppy pads can be used to absorb urine

If you can't find safe litter, you can use puppy pads if you hide them deep underneath some delicious timothy hay. Puppy pads are great at absorbing the smell of rabbit urine, but it's not entirely safe for them to chew on.

Placing hay in the litter box will make it more attractive to rabbits. Rabbits often poop while eating. You can use this and force your bunny to eat hay inside their litter box to keep the poop contained. To keep the hay clean, bunny owners often hang a hay box above the litter box. This way, you can get them litter box trained without lifting a finger.

You must clean the area properly if your bunny makes potty training mistakes. Any residual urine smell will attract your bunny back to the same spot. Most rabbits prefer to go in the same spot over and over, so placing a litter box where the accident happened can help your rabbit associate the litter box with a toilet.

You can remove the smell by soaking up the urine, covering the area with baking soda, and spraying vinegar on top. Let it sit for a few minutes before wiping up the solution. Alternatively, you can buy a premixed enzyme cleaner from your nearest pet store.

Paper towels are handy for cleaning up any accidents. Simply soak up the urine and discard the paper towel in a nearby litter box. The smell of urine will attract your rabbits and will encourage them to use the litter box.

To ensure your rabbit's litter box training is successful, you’ll have to temporarily restrict your cotton-tailed friend's freedom. Baby gates and playpens are very handy for doing just that, and a hutch is great if you cannot watch your rabbit. 

Training your rabbit takes time, and restricting your rabbit's area can speed up the process.

Litter train in a restricted area

Step-By-Step Rabbit Potty Training

Once you have everything you need, you can finally start the litter training process. Here’s what you need to know:

Step 1: Create a rabbit-safe, restricted area

You must choose an area for indoor toilet training, preferably with a tile or cement floor that is easy to clean. Set up your playpen or install the baby gates to restrict access to other rooms.

The less space your bunny has initially, the better. More space means more areas to mess in. Something you don't want or need while trying to teach your bunny a new habit. To force them to use the litter box, smaller areas are easier to control. 

Step 2: Place the litter training boxes

Prepare the litter box by adding an absorbent material such as organic litter, wood stove pellets, or shredded paper at the bottom with at least 2.5 cm (1 inch) of hay on top. Rabbits love to eat and poop at the same time, and the hay will also stop them from eating the litter.

Once you’re done, pick a corner to place the box in and set your pet rabbit free to start potty training.

Eco-Bun Henrietta knows a grand way to reuse packing material

Eco-Bun Henrietta knows a grand way to reuse packing material by Ketzirah Lesser & Art Drauglis

Step 3: Monitor

The most important step in litter training rabbits is ensuring they're using the litter box provided, not the floor. This means that you'll need to keep a close eye on your bunnies while they’re free-roaming.

If you see an accident in a specific corner, wipe it up, place the urine-stained towel in the litter box, and move a litter box to that corner. Rabbits are creatures of habit, so they will most likely return to that corner. 

The urine-stained towel will also help them recognize the litter box as a toilet. If you see any poop lying around, add them to the litter box. If your bunnies consistently wee in two separate corners despite your best cleaning efforts, ensure you have a litter box in each corner. After a week or so, you should start to notice fewer accidents, and the rabbits will start to seek out the litter box as a toilet. 

Just make sure to clean up any accidents with a solution that also removes the residual smell. 

Step 4: Expand the restricted area

If your house rabbit potty training is going well and your pets reliably use their litter trays for at least one month, you can slightly expand their roaming space. After starting with one room, you can expand to a second room. If you started with a playpen, you can let them out into the rest of the room. Just make sure they know where the litter box is. 

When you expand their roaming space, you might find your rabbits slightly regressing. This is normal and does not mean that you need to start over to train your rabbit again. Instead, gently herd your rabbit to the nearest litter box and make sure to add a hay box or hay rack above to encourage them to use it.

Your rabbits might slightly regress and use a different corner of the room as a toilet. If this happens, move the litter box there or add a second box. If you’re adding a second room you’ll also need to add another litter box for that room.

Bunnies aren’t very good at seeking out a litter box, so ensure one is always in sight. You can keep expanding your rabbit area as soon as they reliably use the litter box.

Rabbits like to urinate in a corner

Litter Box Maintenance

Just because your bunnies are now litter-trained doesn't mean your work ends. As mentioned before, rabbits are very clean animals. This means you'll need to clean the most used litter box daily by scooping out any soiled litter and replacing the soiled hay.

If you scoop soiled litter out every day or at least every other day, your litter trays will stay fresh for longer. Remember that they'll need complete cleaning and disinfecting at least once a month.

Pro Tip: Don't remove all the soiled litter while you potty train. Rabbits are attracted to scent, and leaving some soiled litter will help to train a rabbit to find their dedicated toilet faster.

Final Thoughts

As you can see, litter box training a rabbit doesn't need to be difficult. All that remains now is putting in the effort. House rabbit toilet training can be beneficial for both you and your rabbits. They’ll get more freedom and attention from you while you won’t need to constantly clean up their mess, giving you more time to bond with your fluffy pets. 

I know potty training can be frustrating, but if you keep at it and remember to have fun and appreciate your pets, you will eventually get through the tough times.

Are you currently litter training a rabbit? Let me know how it's going in the comments below.

If you don't have a rabbit yet, check out our article on how to choose your first pet bunnies. Happy training!

Rabbit Potty Training FAQs

Rabbit potty trainng

How long does it take to litter train a rabbit?

The time it takes will vary from rabbit to rabbit. It can be as fast as one week or as long as three months or more if you have a stubborn rabbit. Be patient; all bunnies learn at their own pace. Remember, the more consistent you are with training, the sooner you'll have a fully trained rabbit.

How do I get my rabbit to use a litterbox?

Place some hay in your litter box to lure your rabbit into it. Before long, you'll find your rabbit eats, sleeps, and poops in its litter box. That's why it's so important to keep it clean. You can also encourage litter box usage by placing soiled paper towels from accidents in the litter box to encourage your bunny with scent.

When can younger rabbits be litter-trained?

You can start to litter box train your bunny as soon as you get him or her. If you have all the supplies ready when your bunny comes home at eight weeks old, start immediately. The sooner you start, the sooner you can have a completely free-roaming bunny.

Can older rabbits be litter box trained?

Definitely! Older bunnies might take longer to break old habits, but they are just as trainable as young rabbits. Just be patient and clean any messes properly to help them learn a new bathroom habit.

How do I stop my rabbit pooping everywhere?

Rabbits use their poop as a way to mark their territory. This is a behavior that is more prominent in multi-rabbit households. To stop this behavior, make sure your bunny is fixed, pick up any poop, and place them inside the litter box. In time most bunnies will learn that this is where their poop should go, but there's always the odd one out that refuses to learn, so be prepared to find a golden nugget here and there.


'Litter Training'. House Rabbit Society.

'How can I house train my rabbit?'. BC SPCA.

Melissa Witherell, DVM. 'How to Litter Train Your Rabbit'. PetMD.

Are you suspecting that your rabbit is pregnant? Unexpected pregnancies are quite common in unsterilised rabbit households due to incorrect sexing. It is very difficult to tell male from female in young rabbits after all. This incorrect pairing can lead to unexpected pregnancies, especially if you planned on getting a same-sex pair. 

Before you start worrying about how to care for a pregnant rabbit, let’s make sure that she is actually pregnant. 

rabbit same-sex pair

How To Tell If Your Rabbit Is Pregnant

Rabbits can breed from a very young age. If you have a dwarf or small breed rabbit, you can expect your bunny to be sexually mature at around three and a half to five months old. In large or giant breeds it can take anywhere from five to eight months to reach sexual maturity.

If your bunny is already sexually mature and you expect that she’s pregnant, look for the following signs:

  • Sudden unexplained weight gain
  • A more rounded belly
  • Mood swings
  • Change in behaviour 
  • Stuffing her mouth with hay and carrying it to a dedicated area
  • Pulling fur from her sides, chest and dewlap to create a nest
  • There is an intact male present 
  • You’ve observed a successful mating

You might not be aware that your rabbit is pregnant until a few days before she gives birth unless you’ve seen the mating. Most bunnies hide their pregnancies very well and none of the signs may be present at first. If you notice any sudden behavioural changes like pulling fur and creating a nest, you might need to prepare for some rabbit babies on the way. 

It is possible for female rabbits to have fake or pseudopregnancies. This means that she will display all the signs of being pregnant and even build a nest, but the babies will never arrive. You’re most likely dealing with a fake pregnancy if all your rabbits are definitely female or your male is sterilised. 

If you suspect your rabbit is pregnant but you’re not sure how that could’ve happened, you can take your cotton-tailed friend to the vet for an examination. If she’s around 10 to 14 days pregnant, the vet should be able to identify the babies with an ultrasound or by palpating her abdomen. The vet should also be able to tell if it’s a pseudopregnancy. Pseudopregnancies will usually only last two to three weeks before she'll be back to normal behaviour. 

Collecting Nest Material

Collecting Nest Material by Mark Philpott

Caring For A Pregnant Rabbit

Caring for a mother-to-be really isn’t that different from normal rabbit care. You will need to make sure she always has access to fresh, clean water and good quality hay. Once she reaches the end of her pregnancy, you will need to provide an appropriate nesting box with ample straw to build a nest with. Also, make sure to separate her from the male since he’ll try to mate with her immediately after she gave birth and may even kill his offspring. 

Preparing For Some New Arrivals

Preparing for the birth of your new baby rabbits isn’t difficult. You will need to give the mother an appropriate nesting box about seven days before her due date to prepare a suitable nest. Also, give her plenty of hay or straw to build a nest with.

New mothers will usually build their own nests and pull fur from their sides, chests and dewlaps to line the nest with. This fur is very important for keeping the babies warm. If the mother doesn’t pull fur, you will have to hold her and pull her fur or substitute with an appropriate material like cotton wool. 

The rest is really up to the new mom-to-be. On the day of the birth, make sure to leave her alone. You can check that all the babies are alive, but don’t touch them unless it's an emergency. 

A rabbit pregnancy usually lasts for 28 to 32 days regardless of breed. After birth, the mom will rarely if ever be seen near her young. This is normal since rabbits only feed their kits once or twice a day. 

You can expect around four or five kits (baby rabbits) from your small breed rabbit and 12 or more from your large breed rabbits. If you want to know more about caring for baby rabbits, click here


If your rabbit is pregnant, you can expect quite a few babies to arrive. Make sure you’re prepared to care for these little cuties and their mom. It can be quite fun to build your own nesting box if you like doing DIY projects.

If you’re not a registered breeder, make sure to get both your rabbits fixed before any more breeding takes place. There are loads of rabbits in shelters and I’m sure you don’t want to contribute to that number.

Remember to enjoy this miracle with your bunnies. Seeing baby rabbits is quite a sight to behold.  

As a bunny owner, you will need to transport your rabbit from time to time. You might need to visit the veterinarian or just want to take your beloved pet with you on holiday. No matter the reason, you will need to know how to transport your rabbit safely. 

Don’t fret if you’ve never had to transport your rabbit, here is what you need to know. 

Rabbit carrier at the vet

Toki - The kids at the vet for claw trimming by Tjflex2

What You Need To Transport Your Rabbit

If you’re planning to go away for the holiday, you might want to take your precious bunny with you, but is it really in your pet’s best interest to travel with you? Travelling can be extremely stressful to you and your long-eared friend. Most pet bunnies will be much happier staying at home with a pet sitter rather than travelling with you. 

If travelling is a must, there are a few things you can’t go without. These items are non-negotiable if you want your bunny to feel safe and comfortable. Travelling can make rabbits very sick due to the stress, so it is in your best interest to make your pet comfortable. A rabbit should never be allowed to roam freely in your car. It is very dangerous not only for your pet but for you as well.

Must-Haves For Travelling Rabbits

  • Rabbit carrier

Cat carriers are great for transporting rabbits, especially those with hard sides and multiple doors. Carriers will keep your fluffy friends safe while in the car, create a space for them to hide in and protect your car against urine and faeces. 

You will need to make sure the carrier is big enough for one or two rabbits to turn around and lay stretched out. It should, however, still be small enough to create a sense of security for your bunny. 

For rabbit carriers, a hard material such as plastic or wire is necessary to prevent chewing and escape. Collapsible, soft-sided carriers aren’t suitable for rabbits and neither is cardboard boxes. Both are too easy to chew through, and the boxes may become dangerous to your pets when soaked in urine.

The ideal carrier for a rabbit should be able to open both on the sides and at the top to make it easier to get to your fluffy friend. Other features should include a non-slip floor, hard solid walls and good ventilation. You can cover the carrier with a towel or blanket to make the interior even darker, but keep in mind that your rabbits still need proper ventilation.

  • Water bottles

It is very important for your rabbit to stay hydrated throughout the whole trip, especially if your travelling over a long distance. Providing a water bowl is a recipe for disaster since the water will spill all over the place as the car moves over bumps. It is much better to provide a rabbit drinking bottle

Attach the drinker to the carrier to allow your rabbits access to water throughout the trip. Most drinkers come with metal clips to help you secure them to the carrier without any risk to your bunnies. 

  • Hay

Make sure that your fluffy friend has ample hay to chew on inside the pet carrier. You might have to take some extra hay to replaced any soiled hay. The hay will also provide a nonslip surface for your bunny to relax on during your trip. 

It is extremely important that your cotton-tailed friend has access to food at all times, even when going in for an operation. Never starve your rabbits, their bodies don't work like those of cats or dogs. 

Rabbits have very delicate digestive systems that may shut down completely when your bunny is starved. This may lead to serious health problems and even death. If your bunny refuses to eat during a trip, contact your veterinarian immediately. 

  • Absorbent material

Most carriers have a removable floor that allows urine and faeces to collect underneath away from your pets. Your rabbit will stay dry, but there's no escaping the strong ammonia smell. 

It is best to use an absorbent material like puppy training pads or newspaper to absorb the urine at the bottom of the carrier. Use puppy training pads if you want to take care of the smell. This way your bunnies will be much happier without the strong smell of ammonia constantly around them. 

Types Of Carriers To Transport Your Rabbit

If you’re wondering which carrier is best for your rabbits, here are a few options: 

This carrier is ideal for short trips to the vet. It is easy to assemble, hard to chew through and easy to carry. 

rabbit carrier 

This carrier has lots of ventilation holes, is difficult to chew through and have a top-loading door for easy access to your bunny. 

animal carrier 

This travel carrier is large enough to transport two or even three rabbits quite comfortably. If you have a bonded pair, this crate is the way to go. 

travel carrier 

This carrier isn't that great for driving long distances, but it is definitely ideal to take your bunny on a walk. It comes in handy if the vet is just a walk away. 

 rabbit travel backpack

This combination carrier is ideal for any situation or adventure you plan to go on with your bunny. 

rabbit travel carrier set 

Preparing Your Rabbit

As a first step to reduce stress, get your bunnies used to the travel container a few days prior to your big trip. Place it somewhere within your bunny enclosure and let them investigate it on their own terms. You will soon notice them going in and out as they please without any motivation from you. 

If you want to make the carrier even more attractive to them, place some yummy treats or hay inside for them to nibble on. On the day of the trip, feed them inside the carrier and close the door to keep them there. Bonded bunnies can travel together in one container as long as it can accommodate them both. Let the trip begin! 

Car Training 

Just like with dogs and cats, it is possible to car train your rabbit, but it will take a considerable amount of time. Keep in mind that not all bunnies are good travellers and the majority prefers to stay home. If you’re someone that travels a lot and your bunnies will need to go with you, then car training will definitely be beneficial. 

Start by getting your fluffy friends used to the travel container. Once they’re comfortable going in on their own, carry them to the car and start the car with them inside. Leave it running for a few minutes, then turn it off and take them back inside and feed them lots of treats. Do this for a few days until they relax and fall into the routine. 

Next, drive around the block before letting them out of the car again. As they get used to the movement of the car, they will start to feel comfortable and behave normally. In time there should be no stress when it comes to travelling. 

This whole process is called desensitization and will definitely help your bunny friend in the long run. Remember to be patient and loving and never scold your bun-bun for being scared. 

How To Transport Your Rabbit Carrier

There’s a lot of debate around where the safest place is to put an animal carrier in your car. Experts did a lot of experimentation and came up with the following:

  • Front passenger seat

The risk of injury is extremely high for the front passenger seat. If the airbags inflate when in an accident, they may damage the pet carrier and injure your beloved bunny. There is also a possibility of the carrier being thrown through the front window when braking hard or colliding with something. 

  • Front foot space

While safer than being placed on the front passenger seat, there is still a significant risk of injury. When you’re in an accident there is the possibility of the carrier getting crushed. 

  • Backseat

The backseat is much safer than the front of the car. There is still a small risk of the carrier being thrown to the front of the car during a collision, however. 

  • Back foot space

This is the safest area to place your pet carrier. There is nowhere for the carrier to go during a collision and much less risk of getting crushed. 

  • Behind the backseat in an SUV setup

If your carrier doesn’t fit behind the front and backseats, you can place it against the back of the backseat if you’re driving an SUV. If not, secure the carrier in the backseat. Never place your bunny inside the boot. It is too dark which can make the experience frightening and there is the possibility of running out of air. 

During Transit

If you’re transporting rabbits, remember to take your turns gently. Also, remember to break gently if possible. Taking turns quickly and breaking sharply will cause your rabbit to slide around and hit the sides of the carrier. This can be quite scary to them and cause potential injury. 

After Arriving 

Congratulations, you've managed to transport your rabbit safely but now what? If you just brought your rabbit home, you can check that you have everything you need on our rabbit care checklist

Once you reach your destination, you will need to create a rabbit safe area for them to relax in. If you can, bring as many toys, blankets and other rabbit belongings with you to recreate their territory at home. It will also help them to settle if their smell is already around the place. 

If your rabbit doesn’t travel well, you will need to give it time to settle and relax. Don’t force interaction and make sure there’s food and water available. If you can, bring bottled water from home and keep feeding them the same food to make them feel at home. Rabbits can sometimes be picky about the water they drink. 


Travelling with your rabbit doesn’t have to be stressful for either of you. If you start car training early, you will have even more success. Don’t worry if your rabbit doesn’t travel well, just make them as comfortable as possible and keep your trips short. It is best not to keep them away from home for more than 2 days at a time.

Take some time to prepare your rabbit for travel, have patience and you both should have a great upcoming trip!

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