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DIY Rabbit Housing: Building a Rabbit Cage on a Budget

Posted by Rita on 22 December 2023

Embark on a rewarding journey with our DIY Rabbit Housing guide! Learn how to create a custom rabbit cage—indoors or outdoors—on a budget. Explore the benefits and solutions to make your bunny's dream home achievable and affordable.

Planning Your Custom Rabbit Cage For Inside

DIY rabbit hutch

Assessing Space Requirements For Your Rabbit

Quick reference guide:

  • Minimum enclosed space: 8 square feet (0.7m²)

  • Minimum rabbit run space (attached to the enclosed space): 24 square feet (2.2m²)

  • Go double-story to save on space - Stack the 8 square feet enclosed space on top of the 24 square feet run space and attach the levels with a ramp.

  • Make sure the boundary walls are at least 36 inches (90 cm) high to prevent escape.

Before diving into your DIY rabbit cage project, evaluating the space needed for your rabbits to thrive is crucial. Consider the size of your furry friends, how much time they will get out to explore your home, and how many rabbits you have. Ensuring they have ample room is essential for their physical and mental well-being.

As a rule of thumb, your rabbit should be able to comfortably hop at least three times in every direction. When completely stretched out, the rabbit hutch should be at least four to six times the size of your adult bunny. Here are some guidelines.

The House Rabbit Society recommends a cage no smaller than six by four feet or 24 square feet (7.3m²) of running space and another 8 square feet (0.7m²) of enclosed space for one to two bunnies.

In my personal opinion, if you want to see your rabbits at their happiest, don't go for any running space smaller than 96 square feet (9m²)!

I know that's a lot of rabbit space you can't use anymore. To make it easier for the humans also living in your home, save some space by creating a 24-square-foot run with a second story of another 8 square feet for the rabbits to hide away in. Bunnies love that extra dimension to their cage. Alternatively, give them one whole room and install a baby gate to separate them from the rest of the house.

Remember, bigger is always better!

multiple rabbits in a run

Setting A Budget And Sourcing Materials

Quick guide:

  • Draw up a basic plan.

  • Determine how much space you'll be using.

  • Decide if you'll be going two stories.

  • Check the cost of materials to get an estimate.

  • Decide on a realistic budget and source your materials accordingly.

Efficient planning starts with a well-defined budget. Determine the amount you're willing to invest in your rabbit's custom cage project. Once your budget is set, source materials that align with your financial plan.

While ensuring cost-effectiveness, prioritize sturdy and chew-resistant materials. This consideration is especially important as rabbits naturally tend to chew on various objects. Selecting durable materials within your budget creates a safe and long-lasting environment for your rabbit.

Design Considerations For Safety And Comfort

Rabbits are notorious escape artists, and their agility means your design must account for their natural behaviors. When planning the cage's structure, ensure it is adequately high to prevent escapes. A good rule is to make it difficult for them to jump out by making the sides at least 36 inches (90 cm) high and avoid putting any toys with height near the fence. Rabbits are also adept climbers, so make sure they can't just scale the fence!

Safety is paramount! Confirm that the design eliminates any potential hazards that could harm your rabbit. The combination of height, secure materials, and strategic design elements will contribute to your furry companion's safe and comfortable living space away from any cables and other hazards.

rabbit hutch safety

Planning Your Custom Rabbit Cage For Outside

Designing an outdoor rabbit enclosure is much the same as an indoor enclosure with a few extra tweaks.

Make Sure The Enclosure Is Dig-Proof.

Rabbits love to dig and will get out in a matter of hours. To prevent that from happening, put a mesh layer at the bottom of the cage.

Keep in mind that mesh can hurt their feet, so for added safety, cover the mesh in a layer of soil and grow some grass on top. The mesh will also help prevent predators from digging into your outside enclosure.

Protect Your Bunnies From The Top

Next, make sure the top is covered. Bunnies have predators on land and in the sky. This is especially important if there are large predatory birds like eagles, owls, and hawks around.

Make Sure There's Draft-Free Shelter.

Weather can be unpredictable. To prevent any issues, make sure your bunnies have a protected bunny hutch to hide in when the weather turns for the worst. Rabbits do really well in mild climates but need protection in temperatures below 32ºF (0ºC) and above 86ºF (30ºC).

Please give them a cozy hutch to hide in filled with hay for an extra layer of protection. You can also invent plastic cover sides for the run area that can be rolled down when the weather gets bad to give your bunnies space to run.

DIY tools for small rabbit hutch

Materials And Tools Needed

Embarking on your DIY rabbit housing project requires careful consideration of the materials and tools you'll need to ensure a comfortable and secure environment for your furry friend. Here's a comprehensive guide to essential items and optional materials for customization, along with the necessary tools for a successful project.

Essential Materials For A Basic Rabbit Cage


  • Frame material:

Choose sturdy, non-toxic materials resistant to chewing, such as untreated wood or PVC pipe. Aluminum angle iron is another option if you prefer to avoid plastic altogether but would like a lighter option than wood.

  • Flooring and wall protection:

For the floors, opt for materials like vinyl or linoleum for easy cleaning and resistance to digging. You can also cover the walls with this material or opt to create a solid back with plywood sheets to keep the bunnies away from the skirting and walls.

  • Mesh or acrylic fencing:

Select a durable and rabbit-safe mesh to ensure proper ventilation. Make sure the holes are small enough so your bunny can't just squeeze through. You can also use acrylic glass (also known as Plexiglass), but make sure to drill some holes to improve ventilation.

  • Fasteners:

Use chew-proof fasteners to assemble the cage securely.

  • Nails or screws:

Make sure you have enough nails or screws to assemble the frame and hutch.

  • Chalk:

Useful for marking out sections and remembering which piece fits where.

Wooden frame


  • Weather-resistant frame:

Choose materials like pressure-treated wood or weather-treated metal to withstand outdoor elements. Please make sure the chemicals they are treated with are bunny-safe. Alternatively, treat the wood yourself with rabbit-safe linseed oil or a non-toxic varnish.

  • Predator-proof flooring:

Use dig-proof materials for the floor to prevent escapes and break-ins. Something to consider is buried mesh wire or polypropylene netting used to keep moles away. You can also put your cage and run on a concrete or brick base.

  • Weather-resistant mesh:

Opt for a durable and rust-resistant mesh suitable for outdoor use. Make sure the holes are small enough to keep your rabbits in and the predators and vermin out.

  • Sun and rain protection:

Include a cover or roofing material to shield your rabbit from harsh weather conditions. A good roofing material to consider is polycarbonate corrugated sheets. The white sheets will help to keep the enclosure cool and prevent your bunnies from being rained on.

You can also consider adding waterproof shade netting that can be rolled down to prevent sideways rain from coming in. This netting can also act as a barrier against strong wind.

Optional Materials For Customization

Rabbit hutch fencing

Indoors and Outdoors:

Enrichment accessories:

Consider adding platforms, ramps, and hiding spots to enhance your rabbit's environment. Tunnels are always a win with bunnies.

Chew-safe toys:

Integrate toys made of safe or chew-resistant materials to keep your rabbit entertained. Sturdy wooden items are always a win. And if they do eat them, they're easy enough to replace.

Personalized decor:

Add non-toxic and chew-proof decorative elements to personalize the cage. You can hang fairy lights as long as they are out of reach. Add plants that are out of reach outside of the cage and add nice wooden elements to the decor inside the cage.

Tools Required For This DIY Project

Hand saw, or round saw: Essential for cutting materials to the desired dimensions.

Drill: Necessary for creating holes and assembling various components securely.

Wire cutters: Use to cut and shape mesh or wiring as needed.

Screwdriver: Required for attaching and securing fasteners during assembly.

Staple gun: Useful for attaching mesh or wiring to the frame.

Measuring tape: Ensure accurate measurements for precise construction.

Work gloves and safety glasses: Provide protection while handling materials and tools.

Scissors: For cutting waterproofing material such as shade netting or waterproof covers.

NOTE: Keep in mind your rabbit's tendencies to chew and dig, selecting materials that prioritize their safety and well-being.

Step-By-Step DIY Rabbit Cage Construction Guide

small rabbit hutch

Building an indoor cage:

  1. Building the frame of the rabbit cage:

The frame material usually comes in six-meter sections. Use a measuring tape to measure out two sections that are 82.7 inches (210cm) long and two sections that are 35 inches (90cm) long. Use chalk to draw lines.

Cut the sections on the chalk lines to create two sides and a top and bottom for the frame section. Repeat until you have all your frame sections ready. Make sure to use the chalk to mark them so you know which piece fits where.

2. Assemble the frame:

Use your drill and screws to assemble the frame. Use the short pieces for vertical supports and the long ones for horizontal tops and bottoms. Secure the frame to the wall with a wall bracket if you're going that route, or use solid plywood to complete the frame.

3. Adding mesh:

Use the staple gun to secure the mesh to the frame. There will be some sharp edges left. To take care of these, sandwich the mesh between the frame and a thin plank.

4. Installing doors and access points

Your door will be built the same way as the frame. To secure it to the frame, use hinges and latches to keep it in place. You'll need to measure where you want the hinges to go to allow the door to swing open easily. Make sure to leave a small gap at the bottom to stop the door from getting stuck.

5. Add the flooring:

Add the flooring of your choice and staple the sides onto the wooden frame with the staple gun. This creates a bucket effect that will help to make cleanup easier. Bunnies like to wee in corners, so the flooring will prevent the wee from getting underneath the cage frame.

6. Install any added decor:

Use your drill and wall brackets to install ramps, shelves, and runs for your bunny to explore. Create a few wooden boxes and a comfy hutch, and secure everything properly to prevent injury.

Building an outdoor cage:

These are additional steps that should be added to the instructions above for building an indoor cage.

  1. Create a secure base:

Make sure the floor of the cage is secure by laying wire mesh under a layer of soil or by preparing a cement or brick foundation for your cage.

2. Add a roof:

You can secure the corrugated iron sheets onto the frame using screws. I took it a step further and installed wire underneath the roofing sheets. This helps to keep out unwanted visitors like mice and birds. The wire can also extend past the roofing sheets if you want a part of your cage uncovered but still predator-proof.

3. Install weather protection

Add some shade netting to the sides of the cage. You can use staplers to secure the netting onto the frame in areas where you want it to be permanent. In other areas, secure the netting to the frame permanently only at the top. Add velcro along the sides and a hook at the bottom.

This way, you can roll the netting up on hot days to allow more airflow but let them down on miserable days to keep the rain and wind out by securing them in place with the velcro and hooks.

NOTE: Rabbits tend to eat these shade netting sides if they can reach them, so make sure they are easy to replace.

rabbit hutches

Budget-Friendly Rabbit Hutch Accessories

DIY rabbit toys and enrichment ideas

  • Stuff some hay in an empty toilet roll

  • Add a carton box for them to rip up and sleep in

  • Add wooden toys for chewing on

  • Give them a stuffed animal to rip apart or cuddle with

  • Add a sniffle matt with hidden treats

  • Hide treats around the enclosure

  • Add a dig box

  • Add lots of rabbit hutches and tunnels

Homemade bedding options

  • Stuff your rabbit hutch with strips of fleece cloth

  • Add a fleece blanket

  • Add hay as bedding (make sure the hay is dust-free)

Affordable feeding and watering solutions

  • If possible, attach both your water bowl and food bowl to the bottom of the cage. Bunnies like to throw their bowls around, so if you don't want a lot of waste, this is the way to go. Alternatively, just use really heavy bowls.

Tips for Safety and Durability

  • Ensuring the cage is predator-proof by covering both the roof and floor space.

  • Double-check for any sharp edges or potential hazards. Mesh can leave a lot of sharp points that could injure your bunny. Check for any exposed nails.

  • Adding reinforcements for stability and longevity. You can add another frame on the inside of the original to sandwich the mesh and create more stability.

  • Add features to make cleanup easy. If you have an outside cage, slope the floor slightly to allow urine to run off into a gutter. THis also makes it easy to spray the floor clean with a hose pipe.

  • Create a bowl with the cake flooring for an indoor cage to prevent urine from leaking out under the fence. Wipe up the damp spots and put the paper towel in the litter box. If it keeps happening in the same spot, install a litter box there.

Troubleshooting and Common DIY Challenges

roll tape measure, tape measure, measure up

Addressing Potential Issues During Construction

When crafting your rabbit's sanctuary, it's essential to foresee and troubleshoot potential challenges during the construction phase. One common issue is the stability of the structure. Ensure the cage is secure and well-supported, minimizing the risk of collapses or instability. It can help to install more vertical supports and secure the cage against the wall and onto the floor.

Additionally, pay attention to material choices; rabbits can be avid chewers, so opt for rabbit-friendly materials to avoid any harm or escape attempts.

Ventilation is another aspect to consider. While creating a cozy space, ensure proper airflow to prevent humidity and the accumulation of odors. Adequate ventilation not only maintains a healthy environment but also contributes to the overall well-being of your furry friend.

Solutions For Modifying The Cage Based On Rabbit Behavior

Rabbits are known for their unique behaviors, and tailoring their living space to accommodate these quirks is key. If your rabbit exhibits signs of boredom or stress, consider incorporating hiding spots, tunnels, or platforms to encourage exploration and play. For those avid chewers, provide bunny-safe chew toys to redirect their gnawing instincts away from the cage itself.

For rabbits prone to digging, consider adding a designated digging box filled with safe substrates like sterilized river sand or play sand for kids. This simple addition satisfies their natural instincts without causing damage to the cage structure.

By understanding and adapting to your rabbit's behavior, you'll create an environment that promotes both physical and mental well-being.

Seeking Community Support For Advice And Guidance

Building a rabbit cage can be a delightful DIY project, but it's normal to encounter challenges along the way. Don't hesitate to tap into the wealth of knowledge within the rabbit-keeping community. Online forums, social media groups, or local rabbit clubs offer platforms where experienced rabbit owners are eager to share insights and advice.

Whether you're facing construction hiccups or seeking ideas for cage modifications, these communities provide a valuable resource. Share your challenges, ask questions, and benefit from the collective wisdom of rabbit enthusiasts who have likely encountered similar situations. Community support not only offers practical solutions but also connects you with a network of rabbit lovers passionate about ensuring the best for their furry companions.


In concluding our exploration of DIY rabbit housing projects, it's crucial to revisit the myriad benefits. Building your rabbit's habitat not only provides a personalized touch but also ensures a tailored environment that caters to your fluffy friend's unique needs. From cost-effectiveness to the joy of hands-on creation, the advantages extend beyond the final structure.

For rabbit enthusiasts contemplating the leap into DIY projects, let this be the nudge you need. The journey of constructing a custom rabbit cage is not just about the final product; it's a rewarding experience that deepens the bond between you and your furry companion. Take the plunge, embrace the challenge, and relish in the satisfaction of providing a home crafted with love.

As you embark on your rabbit housing adventure, we invite you to share your creations and experiences within the vibrant rabbit community. Your insights, challenges, and triumphs contribute to the collective wisdom of rabbit enthusiasts worldwide. Join the conversation, spark inspiration, and let your DIY journey become a beacon for others seeking to enhance the lives of their beloved bunny companions. Together, let's build a community that celebrates the creativity and care poured into each rabbit's unique abode.

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